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105 active trials for Liver Cancer

National Translational Science Network of Precision-based Immunotherapy for Primary Liver Cancer

Background: Primary Liver Cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. It is the cancer with the fastest rising incidence and mortality in the United States. Researchers want to learn more about liver cancer to help them design better treatments. Objective: To better understand liver cancer. Eligibility: People ages 18 and older who have liver cancer and had or are planning to have immune therapy Design: Participants will be screened with a review of their medical records. They will be asked about their medical history and test results. Participants will come to the NIH Clinical Center. During this visit, their medical records, test results, imaging studies, and tissue samples (if available) will be gathered. Participants will learn the results of a test to see if they have any mutations known to be connected to cancer. They will learn if there are treatment options for them. Participants will give blood, urine, and stool samples or rectal swabs. Participants will not have follow-up visits just for this study. If they join another NIH research study and have visits for this other study, their medical records; test results; and blood, urine, and stool samples may be collected. This will occur about every 3 months. If they have a biopsy or surgery on another study or as part of treatment and there is leftover tissue, researchers would like to collect some of that tissue. Participants will be contacted every 6 months by phone or e-mail. They will be asked about their health. They will provide any medical records, test results, and imaging studies. Participants will be followed on this study for life.

Start: June 2021
Pre- vs Postoperative Thromboprophylaxis for Liver Resection

Thromboprophylaxis for liver surgery can be commenced either preoperatively or postoperatively. Despite a clear trade-off between thrombosis and bleeding in liver surgery patients, there is no international consensus when thrombosis prophylaxis should be commenced in patients undergoing liver surgery. As far as we know, there are no prospective randomized trials in this field, and current guidelines are unfortunately based on very low quality evidence, that is, a few retrospective studies and expert opinion. Both American and European thromboprophylaxis guidelines for abdominal cancer surgery support the preoperative initiation of thromboprophylaxis, but these guidelines do not specifically address the increased bleeding risk associated with liver surgery. On the contrary, Dutch guidelines recommend postoperative thromboprophylaxis only, because of lack of evidence for preoperative thromboprophylaxis. Traditionally, many liver surgery units have been reluctant in using preoperative thromboprophylaxis due to the potentially increased risk of bleeding complications. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society Guidelines recommend preoperative thromboprophylaxis in liver surgery, but the guidelines provide no supporting evidence for this recommendation. Overall, the amount of evidence is scarce and somewhat contradictory in this clinically relevant field of thromboprophylaxis in liver surgery. The aim of this study is to compare pre- and postoperatively initiated thromboprophylaxis regimens in liver surgery in a randomized controlled trial.

Start: February 2021
A Pilot Study of Combined Immune Checkpoint Inhibition in Combination With Ablative Therapies in Subjects With Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) or Biliary Tract Carcinomas (BTC)

BACKGROUND: Various tumor ablative procedures and techniques have been shown to result in immunogenic cell death and induction of a peripheral immune response. The term ablative therapies applies to trans-arterial catheter chemoembolization (TACE), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and cryoablation (CA). The underlying hypothesis of this study is that the effect of immune checkpoint inhibition can be enhanced by TACE, CA and RFA in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and biliary tract carcinomas (BTC). We have already demonstrated proof of principle as well as safety and feasibility of this approach with anti-CTLA4 therapy. Based on the concept of PDL1-mediated adaptive resistance and the emerging role of PD1 therapy in HCC, we would like to evaluate the combination of tremelimumab and durvalumab (with ablative therapies) in HCC and BTC. Objectives: - To preliminarily evaluate the 6-month progression free survival (PFS) of combining tremelimumab and durvalumab in patients with advanced HCC (either alone or with cryoablation, TACE or RFA) and in patients with advanced biliary tract carcinoma (BTC) (either alone or with cryoablation or RFA). ELIGIBILITY: Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of HCC or biliary tract carcinoma OR histopathological confirmation of carcinoma in the setting of clinical and radiological characteristics which, together with the pathology, are highly suggestive of a diagnosis of HCC (or biliary tract carcinoma). Childs-Pugh A/B7 cirrhosis only is allowed. If patient does not have cirrhosis, this limitation does not apply. Patients must have disease that is not amenable to potentially curative resection, radiofrequency ablation, or liver transplantation. DESIGN: We will evaluate the combination of tremelimumab and durvalumab (with ablative therapies) in cohorts A (HCC; N=40) and B (BTC; N=30). The first N=10 patients in both cohorts will receive tremelimumab and durvalumab only (i.e. No interventional radiologic procedures). A: Advanced HCC, BCLC# Stage B/C N= 1st 10 pts: No ablative procedure Cryoablation/RFA/TACE## Tremelimumab 75mg flat dose q28 days for 4 doses; Durvalumab 1500mg flat dose q28 days until EOS### 40 total: 10 trem+ dur alone; 10 trem+ dur + TACE; 10 trem + dur + RFA; 10 trem + dur + cryo B: Intra/extra-hepatic cholangiocarcinoma N= 1st 10 pts: No ablative procedure; RFA/ cryoablation Tremelimumab 75mg flat dose q28 days for 4 doses; Durvalumab 1500mg flat dose q28 days until EOS### 30 total: 10 trem+ dur alone; 10 trem + dur + RFA; 10 trem BCLC = Barcelona clinic liver cancer staging system For BCLC stage B patients TACE may be repeated as per standard of care EOS = End of study treatment or meeting any of the off-treatment or off study criteria.

Start: July 2016
Pembrolizumab, a Monoclonal Antibody Against PD-1, in Combination With Capecitabine and Oxaliplatin (CAPOX) in People With Advanced Biliary Tract Carcinoma (BTC)

Background: Biliary tract cancers are rare but they are serious. Researchers want to see if a certain drug helps the immune system fight cancer cells. The drug is called pembrolizumab. It may work even better with two chemotherapy drugs that are widely used to treat gastrointestinal cancers. Objective: To study if pembrolizumab given with capecitabine and oxaliplatin (CAPOX) increases the time it takes for a person's biliary tract cancer to get worse. Eligibility: People age 18 and older with previously treated biliary tract cancer that has spread to other parts of the body Design: Participants will be screened with tests as part of their regular cancer care. Each study cycle is 3 weeks. For 6 cycles, participants will: Get pembrolizumab and oxaliplatin on day 1 of each cycle. They will be given in an intravenous (IV) catheter. Take capecitabine by mouth for 2 weeks then have 1 week without it. Participants will complete a patient diary. Starting with cycle 7, participants will get only pembrolizumab. They will get it once every 3 weeks. On day 1 of every cycle, participants will have: Physical exam Review of symptoms and how well they do normal activities Blood tests Every 9 weeks, they will have a scan. Participants may have tumor samples taken. Participants will have a final visit about 1 month after they stop the study drug. After that, they will be contacted by phone or email yearly.

Start: June 2017
Precision Medicine for Liver Tumours With Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Whole Genome Sequencing

This will be a prospective, observational, cohort study to determine the impact of integrated diagnostics using quantitative magnetic resonance imaging, whole genome sequencing and digital pathology on intended patient management for liver cancer patients referred for liver resection. Participants with primary or secondary liver cancer will be recruited from Hampshire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust in Basingstoke or Oxford University Hospitals NHSFoundation Trust in Oxford. The incidence of treatable liver tumours is on the rise globally, driven by obesity, viral hepatitis and metastases from colorectal cancers. Survival rates can be improved with optimised allocation of treatment options including surgical resection, radiofrequency ablation, embolisation, chemotherapy and targeted molecular therapies (including immunotherapy). The key motivation of this study is to help patients access the most suitable treatment combinations, based on integrating clinical, radiological and genomic data. A similar integrated approach, integrating radiology and pathology, has been shown to improve outcomes in breast cancer care. Detailed pathologic analysis of the surgical specimen from breast carcinoma biopsy provides valuable feedback to the radiologist, establishes the completeness of surgical intervention, and generates predictive information for therapeutic decisions. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) has discovered cancer driver mutations and the complex molecular profile of liver cancer. In many metastatic solid tumours, WGS has been used to identify a significant patient population (31%) who present with a biomarker that predicts sensitivity to a drug and lacked any known resistance biomarkers for the same drug. Identifying which patients possess druggable mutations will allow clinicians to make the optimal treatment decisions. The next challenge is integrating WGS into scalable clinical practice

Start: February 2021
Personal Resilience Empowerment Program Study

The Personal Resilience Empowerment Program (PREP) at Hackensack Meridian Integrative Health & Medicine was designed in Legacy Meridian to assist all selected patients with upcoming hospitalization. For the "Personal Resilience Empowerment Program (PREP) in the perioperative setting of surgically treated cancer patients", hereafter "the Project or PREP", the Hackensack Meridian Integrative Health & Medicine is designing a new pilot program to focus on the needs of oncology patients. All patients diagnosed with cancer that will undergo a scheduled surgical (Hepato-Biliary, and Thoracic) procedure in Hackensack Meridian Health and specifically in the Jersey Shore University Medical Center, will be eligible to participate (for more details please see eligibility criteria, section 4). Overall, this pilot project will include 5 coaching sessions and an introductory session/visit that will take place on the physician's office. The initial physician visit will focus on patient eligibility, introduction to the Project, informed consent and a pre-intervention survey and will be conducted by the principal investigator or one of the sub-investigators listed above. The following 5 sessions will be conducted by one of the integrative health coaches/registered nurses (for details please see section 5). A post-intervention survey will be completed during the final session and repeated at one month, and at 3 months from the final session. The goal of this project is to investigate whether using the PREP as an intervention in patients diagnosed with cancer would result in improving various metrics including improvements to resilience, sleep, activity, purpose, nutrition, empowerment to manage one's own health and well-being, decrease in pain medication use and more rapid return to previous functional status according to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG).

Start: May 2018
Clinical Outcome and Future Liver Remnant Regenerative Response in Laparoscopic Versus Open ALPPS

Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) is a new surgical procedure that induces rapid liver regeneration in patients with small liver remnant planning for major liver resection. It is a two-staged operation with stage I including portal vein ligation and splitting the right liver away from the left liver. After stage I, the left liver will undergo rapid liver regeneration and the stage II operation can be performed at 7-10 days after stage I operation when the liver remnant reaches an adequate size. In stage II operation, the right liver that contains the tumor is then removed. This surgical procedure was incepted in Germany in 2013 and was later started in Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong for the first time in December 2015. The initial indication was mainly for colorectal liver metastasis but due to the relatively high incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in Hong Kong, HBP surgery team of Queen Mary Hospital has transferred this procedure to be applied for hepatitis-related hepatocellular carcinoma and so far, the centre has cumulated one of the largest single-center experience in the literature. Nonetheless, the usual approach for ALPPS involved open surgery and induced substantial surgical stress to the patient, especially after stage I operation. With the advent of minimally invasive liver surgery in recent years, the team has successfully applied laparoscopic surgery to ALPPS in 2019. Despite the advancement in laparoscopic surgical skills that rendered laparoscopic ALPPS feasible, there is scarcity of data in the literature to evaluate its outcome in comparison with open ALPPS with regard to perioperative recovery and liver regeneration. Hence, the aim of this project is to evaluate the short-term clinical outcomes of laparoscopic ALPPS and the impact of laparoscopy on liver remnant regeneration after ALPPS in a prospective randomised clinical trial setting.

Start: September 2020