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107 active trials for Liver Cancer

National Translational Science Network of Precision-based Immunotherapy for Primary Liver Cancer

Background: Primary Liver Cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. It is the cancer with the fastest rising incidence and mortality in the United States. Researchers want to learn more about liver cancer to help them design better treatments. Objective: To better understand liver cancer. Eligibility: People ages 18 and older who have liver cancer and had or are planning to have immune therapy Design: Participants will be screened with a review of their medical records. They will be asked about their medical history and test results. Participants will come to the NIH Clinical Center. During this visit, their medical records, test results, imaging studies, and tissue samples (if available) will be gathered. Participants will learn the results of a test to see if they have any mutations known to be connected to cancer. They will learn if there are treatment options for them. Participants will give blood, urine, and stool samples or rectal swabs. Participants will not have follow-up visits just for this study. If they join another NIH research study and have visits for this other study, their medical records; test results; and blood, urine, and stool samples may be collected. This will occur about every 3 months. If they have a biopsy or surgery on another study or as part of treatment and there is leftover tissue, researchers would like to collect some of that tissue. Participants will be contacted every 6 months by phone or e-mail. They will be asked about their health. They will provide any medical records, test results, and imaging studies. Participants will be followed on this study for life.

Washington, District of ColumbiaStart: July 2021
LC Bead LUMI Radio-Opaque Embolic Beads to Detect and Characterize the Vascularity of Hepatic Tumors During Treatment With Transarterial Embolization (TAE) Alone or Combined With Thermal Ablation

Background: Liver cancer begins in the cells of the liver. It can be treated with chemotherapy, radiation, or even a liver transplant. A less invasive treatment may be able to help some people with liver cancer. It is called percutaneous transarterial embolization (TAE). For TAE, a material is injected into blood vessels to block the blood flow that is feeding the tumor. Researchers want to test a new material for TAE that may shrink tumors and can be seen on x-ray and CT images. The embolization may sometimes be combined with thermal ablation, or cooking tumors with needles that deliver heat by electricity or microwave. Objective: To test an embolization material called an LC LUMI beads. To see if it can block blood vessels that provide blood to cancerous tumors and to see how the beads look on x-ray and CT images. Eligibility: Adults 18 85 years old who have been diagnosed with liver cancer Design: Participants will have routine blood tests, physical exams, and x-rays. Participants will be screened with blood tests, physical exam, and medical history. They will have a computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen and pelvis. This will include a contrast drink and a contrast (dye) injected in the veins. Participants will be admitted to the clinic. They will repeat the screening tests. Participants may have other tests. These may include x-rays, other scans, or ultrasound. Participants will be evaluated for general anesthesia. They will get counseling about the procedure. Participants will get anesthesia. The LC LUMI beads will be injected into blood vessels. The beads contain iodine, which makes them visible by x-ray and by a CT scan machine. Participants will have follow-up visits for 12 months. They will have CT scans and/or other radiologic tests.

Bethesda, MarylandStart: January 2016
Virtual Reality for GI Cancer Pain to Improve Patient Reported Outcomes

Patients with digestive tract malignancy often experience severe and unremitting abdominal pain that negatively affects physical, emotional, and social function, as well as health related quality of life (HRQOL). Therapeutic virtual reality (VR) has emerged as a promising and evidence-based treatment modality for cancer pain. Users of VR wear a pair of goggles with a close-proximity screen in front of the eyes that creates a sensation of being transported into lifelike, three-dimensional worlds. To date, VR has been limited to short-term clinical trials for cancer pain. Moreover, limited research exists on theory-based VR modalities beyond mere distraction, such as VR that employs acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) with components of biofeedback and mindfulness. To bridge these gaps, this study seeks to: (1) assess the impact of immersive VR on patient-reported outcomes (PROs), including pain, activity metrics, and opioid use among patients with visceral pain from a digestive tract malignancy; (2) assess differences in PROs, activity metrics, and opioid use between skills-based VR therapy vs. distraction VR therapy; and (3) determine patient-level predictors of VR treatment response in visceral cancer pain. To address these aims, the study will measure PROs and opioid use in 360 patients randomized among 3 groups and follow them for 60 days after enrollment: (1) an enhanced VR group receiving skills-based VR; (2) a distraction-based VR group receiving patient-selected VR videos; and (3) a VR sham control group using a VR headset with 2-D content. The results will inform best practices for the implementation of VR for visceral cancer pain management and guide selection of patient-tailored experiences.

Los Angeles, CaliforniaStart: October 2021
Interleukin-15 Armored Glypican 3-specific Chimeric Antigen Receptor Expressed in T Cells for Pediatric Solid Tumors

Patients may be considered if the cancer has come back, has not gone away after standard treatment or the patient cannot receive standard treatment. This research study uses special immune system cells called AGAR T cells, a new experimental treatment. The body has different ways of fighting infection and disease. No single way seems perfect for fighting cancers. This research study combines two different ways of fighting cancer: antibodies and T cells. Antibodies are types of proteins that protect the body from infectious diseases and possibly cancer. T cells, also called T lymphocytes, are special infection-fighting blood cells that can kill other cells, including cells infected with viruses and tumor cells. Both antibodies and T cells have been used to treat patients with cancers. They have shown promise, but have not been strong enough to cure most patients. Investigators have found from previous research that they can put a new gene (a tiny part of what makes-up DNA and carries your traits) into T cells that will make them recognize cancer cells and kill them. In the lab, investigators made several genes called a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR), from an antibody called GPC3. The antibody GPC3 recognizes a protein found solid tumors including pediatric liver cancers. This CAR is called GPC3-CAR. To make this CAR more effective, investigators also added a gene that includes IL15. IL15 is a protein that helps CAR T cells grow better and stay in the blood longer so that they may kill tumors better. The mixture of GPC3-CAR and IL15 killed tumor cells better in the laboratory when compared with CAR T cells that did not have IL15 .This study will test T cells that investigators made (called genetic engineering) with GPC3-CAR and the IL15 (AGAR T cells) in patients with GPC3-positive solid tumors such as yours. T cells made to carry a gene called iCasp9 can be killed when they encounter a specific drug called AP1903. The investigators will insert the iCasp9 and IL15 together into the T cells using a virus that has been made for this study. The drug (AP1903) is an experimental drug that has been tested in humans with no bad side-effects. The investigators will use this drug to kill the T cells if necessary due to side effects. This study will test T cells genetically engineered with a GPC3-CAR and IL15 (AGAR T cells) in patients with GPC3-positive solid tumors. The AGAR T cells are an investigational product not approved by the Food and Drug Administration. The purpose of this study is to find the biggest dose of AGAR T cells that is safe, to see how long they last in the body, to learn what the side effects are and to see if the AGAR T cells will help people with GPC3-positive solid tumors.

Houston, TexasStart: August 2021