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17 active trials for Hip Arthropathy

The Use of Lumbar Erector Spinae Plane Block for Hip Arthroplasty at the L4 Interspace

Over 300,000 hip arthroplasties are performed each year in the United States.1 This number has been steadily increasing over the last two decades, likely due to increased life expectancy and, more significantly, the obesity epidemic. Traditionally, this procedure has been performed under general anesthesia. However, neuraxial and regional anesthesia have become more commonly utilized to aid in postoperative analgesia. Postoperative pain control has a significant impact on earlier ambulation, initiation of physical therapy, better functional recovery, and overall patient satisfaction.2 Moreover; optimal pain management can reduce the duration of hospitalization and the risk of adverse events, such as deep vein thrombus. The use of regional anesthesia reduces the postoperative opioid requirement, thereby decreasing the degree to which patients suffer the side effects of opioids, namely sedation and constipation, and less frequently nausea, vomiting, respiratory depression, pruritus, and retention. In the past, femoral nerve block, fascia iliaca compartment block, lumbar plexus block and the quadratus lumborum block have been shown efficacious for pain relief for hip arthroplasty. However there are several risk factors such as quadricep weakness and difficulty of the block that causes a limitation in the used of this blocks. Recently, the erector spinae plane block has been introduced as an alternative to the blocks above. This block was first described in the literature in 2016 when it was used to treat chronic neuropathic thoracic pain. Since then, there have been studies demonstrating its efficacy with a thoracic approach for analgesia in breast surgery and rib fractures.9 Only two case reports to date have demonstrated a lumbar approach to achieve analgesia for hip arthroplasty.10,11 The purpose of the study is to determine whether or not a lumbar erector spinae plane block is effective at improving postoperative pain in patients receiving hip arthroplasty.

Start: March 2019
Effect of Combinations of Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, and Dexamethasone on Patient-Controlled Morphine Consumption in the First 24 Hours After Total Hip Arthroplasty

Multimodal pain management is essential for recovery after surgery, aiming to target different pain mechanisms to minimize opioid usage and opioid-related adverse effects. Evidence for benefits and harms of various non-opioid analgesic combinations is, however, nearly non-existing, and large-scale trials are urgently needed. Recently, the investigators have demonstrated that combining paracetamol and ibuprofen is superior to each single drug when assessing pain after hip replacement. Further improvement is needed, investigating additional non-opioid analgesics to this combination. Glucocorticoids have anti-emetic and analgesic properties, but evidence for analgesic efficacy in combination with paracetamol and ibuprofen is lacking. The RECIPE trial is an investigator-initiated randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel, 4-group, blinded multicentre trial with 90-day follow-up investigating benefits and harms of different combinations of paracetamol, ibuprofen, and dexamethasone for patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. The primary outcome is total use of IV morphine 0-24 hours postoperatively. Secondary outcomes are pain (upon mobilisation, at rest, and during 5 m walk), and adverse events. Exploratory outcomes include quality of sleep, opioid-related adverse effects, serious adverse events (< 90 days), and patient reported disability score and quality of life (at 90 days). Based on sample-size calculations, 1060 patients are needed to detect a minimal clinically important difference in 24-hour morphine consumption of 8 mg, using a familywise type 1 error rate of 0.05 and a type 2 error rate of 0.2. The primary analyses will be based on the intention to treat population. More than six Danish university- and regional hospitals will participate in the trial. With this trial the investigators expect to lay the foundation for the best postoperative multimodal analgesic regimen for both total hip arthroplasty and possibly other surgeries, thereby facilitating recovery for millions of future surgical patients worldwide.

Start: March 2020
Patient-Specific Techniques for Hip Replacement

Background In the 19th century, Sir John Charnley successfully introduced total joint replacements for hips. In order to prevent implant fixation failure and accelerated polyethylene wear, it was initially recommended that implants were systematically positioned in a "biomechanically-friendly" way, which disregarded most of the individual anatomy (medialized acetabular cup, systematized cup version and inclination, etc.) While those initial surgical techniques made popular and clinically successful total joint replacements, many complications (aseptic loosening, pain, excessive wear) have remained and mainly the persistence of frequent instability after THA. In response to those complications, many improvements were developed in the area of joint replacement over the last few decades, with one the most recent dating from 2017 and being the development of a surgical technique Rationale The kinematic alignment (KA) technique for total hip arthroplasty (THA) aims at restoring the acetabular center of rotation and as much as possible the constitutional acetabular anteversion by using the transverse acetabular ligament (TAL) as a reference landmark. Also, the technique aims (1) at making personalized choice for the hip component design, (2) at defining the cup positioning, and (3) at sometimes considering additional spine surgery based on the assessment of the individual spine-hip relation. KA techniques for hip replacements are relatively new, likely to become popular over time, and their true value remains to be determined.

Start: January 2020