300,000+ clinical trials. Find the right one.

11 active trials for Hairy Cell Leukemia

Phase I Study of Anti-CD22 Chimeric Receptor T Cells in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia and Variant

Background Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is an indolent CD22+ B-cell leukemia comprising 2% of all leukemias. Most cases of HCL respond well to purine analog chemotherapy and harbor BRAF V600E mutation that can be considered for targeted treatment at the time of relapse. However, there are patients with high-risk HCL such as patients with BRAF wild type IGHV4-34 unmutated HCL who respond poorly to chemotherapy and have poor survival. HCL variant (HCLv), also brightly CD22+, resembles HCL morphologically but is more aggressive and responds poorly to standard purine analog chemotherapy. Patients have fewer options of targeted treatment partly due to wild type BRAF. We showed that the overall survival in patients progressed after cladribine-rituximab is less than three years. Moxetumomab pasudotox-tdfk is an anti-CD22 recombinant immunotoxin which in 2018 was FDA-approved for adult patients with relapsed/refractory HCL. However, there are patients with HCL and HCLv who progress after treatments with standard purine analog chemotherapy and moxetumomab pasudotox-tdfk, and in the case of classic HCL, even after BRAF +/- MEK inhibition. There is still an unmet need for new treatment options for those with relapsed/refractory disease. Adoptive cellular therapy with T-cells genetically modified using viral-based vectors to express chimeric antigen receptors (CAR) targeting the CD22 molecule have demonstrated dramatic clinical responses in patients with CD22+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Moxetumomab pasudotox-tdfk proved that CD22 is a potent target for HCL due to its ubiquitous expression in HCL and HCLv, and cellular therapy represents a promising target for those patients that have progressed after other treatments options with chemotherapy, immunotherapy and targeted therapy. This will be the first trial of anti-CD22 CAR T-cell therapy in the treatment of relapsed/refractory HCL and HCLv. Objectives To assess the safety and feasibility of administering escalating doses of autologous anti-CD22-CAR (M971BBz) engineered T-cells in subjects with HCL/HCLv following a cyclophosphamide/fludarabine lymphodepletion regimen. Explore whether the administration of anti-CD22-CAR engineered T-cells can mediate antitumor effects in HCL/HCLv. Eligibility HCL/HCLv, after prior treatment with, ineligible for, refusal of, or inability to obtain 1) Rituximab given concurrently with or sequentially after purine analog, 2) moxetumomab pasudotox-tdft, and 3) BRAF-inhibition. Need for treatment, either 1) ANC <1/nL, 2) Hgb <10g/dL, 3) Plt <100/nL, 4) HCL count >5/nL, 5) HCLv count doubling time <3 months, 6) symptomatic splenomegaly, 7) enlarging HCL mass > 2cm in short axis, 8) increasing lytic or blastic bone lesions. > 18 years of age. CD22 expression must be detected on greater than 15% of the malignant cells by immunohistochemistry or greater than 80% by flow cytometry No uncontrolled infection, cardiopulmonary dysfunction, or secondary malignancy requiring treatment. No chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiation therapy less than or equal to 3 weeks prior to apheresis. Design PBMC will be obtained by leukapheresis, CD3+ cells enriched and cultured in the presence of anti-CD3/-CD28 beads followed by lentiviral vector supernatant containing the anti-CD22 (M971BBz) CAR. On Day -4 (cell infusion is Day 0), patients will begin induction chemotherapy comprising fludarabine 25 mg/m2 on Days 4, 3 and 2 and cyclophosphamide 900 mg/m2 on day 2. The CD22-CAR T-cells will be infused on Day 0, with up to a 72h delay allowed for infusion of fresh cells or a 7 day delay if cells are cryopreserved, if needed for resolution of clinical toxicities, to generate adequate cell numbers, or to facilitate scheduling. A Phase I cell dose escalation scheme will be performed primarily using 2 dose levels (1 x 105 transduced T-cells/kg; 3 x 105 transduced T-cells/kg). If 2 of 2-6 participants at dose level 1 have DLT, safety will be evaluated in a de-escalated dose of 3 x 104 transduced T-cells/kg (plus minus 20%). Once the maximum tolerated dose (or highest level evaluated) is reached, with 0-1 out of 6 having DLT, an additional 4 participants will be enrolled to provide further assessment of DLTs and for determining a preliminary assessment of the efficacy of the therapy in this participant population. Participants will be monitored for toxicity, response and T-cell persistence as well as other biologic correlates. Accrual ceiling will be set at 23 to allow for a few unevaluable participants and screen failures.

Start: June 2021
Title: Moxetumomab Pasudotox-tdfk (Lumoxiti ) and Rituximab (Rituxan ) for Relapsed Hairy Cell Leukemia

Background: Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare, slow-growing blood cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many of certain white blood cells. The antibody Rituximab binds to a protein in cancerous white blood cells and is often used to treat HCL. Researchers want to see if combining it with the drug Moxetumomab pasudotox-tdfk (also called Lumoxiti) can fight HCL better. Objective: To test the safety of Moxetumomab pasudotox taken with Rituximab for people with HCL or HCL variant. Eligibility: People age 18 years and older with HCL or HCL variant that has not responded to standard therapy Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam Blood, heart, and urine tests Test of blood oxygen levels Review of bone marrow. This can be from previous test results or a new sample. Scans Exercise test Participants will get the study drugs in up to 8 cycles. A cycle will last about 28 days. Both drugs will be given through a plastic tube in a vein. In the first week of cycle 1, participants will have: 1 visit to get Rituximab for 7.5 hours 3 visits to get Lumoxiti for 30 minutes per infusion In the first week of cycles 2-8, participants will have: visit to get Rituximab for 2-4 hours and Lumoxiti for 30 minutes visits to get Lumoxiti for 30 minutes per infusion Participants will be asked to drink lots of water and take aspirin during the cycles. They will get drugs to minimize allergic reactions. Participants will repeat screening tests at visits throughout the cycles and 1 follow-up visit. They may have an eye exam. Sponsoring Institute: National Cancer Institute ...

Start: October 2019
Binimetinib for People With Relapsed/Refractory BRAF Wild Type Hairy Cell Leukemia and Variant

Background: Most people with hairy cell leukemia have a BRAF gene mutation. They can be treated with BRAF inhibitors, drugs that target this mutation. For people who do not have this mutation, BRAF inhibitors are not a treatment option. We found that in hairy cell leukemia, when BRAF is not mutated, the MEK gene frequently is. Binimetinib is a MEK inhibitor which targets MEK. It is important to determine if this drug can be a good treatment option in those who cannot benefit treatment with BRAF inhibitors. Objective: To see if binimetinib is an effective treatment for hairy cell leukemia that does not have a BRAF mutation. Eligibility: People ages 18 and older with hairy cell leukemia without a mutation in the BRAF gene and whose disease either did not respond to treatment or came back after treatment Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam Blood and urine tests Lung and heart tests Eye exam Bone marrow biopsy: A needle will be injected through the participant s skin into the bone to remove a sample of marrow. CT or MRI scan: Participants will lie in a machine that takes pictures of the body. They might receive a contrast agent by vein. Before they start treatment, participants will have an abdominal ultrasound, pulmonary function tests, and exercise stress tests. Participants will take binimetinib by mouth twice daily in 28-day cycles. They will keep a medication diary. Participants will have at least one visit before every cycle. Visits will include repeats of some screening tests. Participants may continue treatment as long as their disease does not get worse and they do not have bad side effects. About a month after their last dose of treatment, participants will have a follow-up visit. They will then have visits once a year. ...

Start: January 2021
Encorafenib Plus Binimetinib for People With BRAF V600E Mutated Relapsed/Refractory HCL

Background: Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) does not usually respond to chemotherapy. Most people with HCL have a BRAF gene mutation. This can increase the growth of cancer cells. Vemurafenib has been tested to treat these people. However, researchers think a combination of drugs might work better. Objective: To test if treatment with a combination of encorafenib and binimetinib in BRAF mutant HCL is more effective than treatment with vemurafenib. Eligibility: People ages 18 and older with BRAF mutant HCL that did not respond to or came back after treatment Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam Bone marrow biopsy: A needle will be injected through the participant s skin and into a bone to remove liquid. Blood and urine tests Heart and lung function tests CT or MRI scan: Participants will lie in a machine that takes pictures of the body. They may have a contrast agent injected into a vein. Eye exam Participants will take the study drugs by mouth in 28-day cycles. They will take encorafenib daily. They will take binimetinib twice daily. They will keep a pill diary. Participants will take their temperature daily. Participants will have at least 1 visit before each cycle. Visits will include repeats of some screening tests. They will also include abdominal ultrasounds, exercise stress tests, and skin evaluations. Participants may continue treatment as long as their disease does not get worse and they do not have bad side effects. About a month after their last dose of treatment, participants will have a follow-up visit. Then they will have annual follow-ups....

Start: October 2020
A Phase II Study of the BRAF Inhibitor, Vemurafenib, Plus Obinutuzumab in Patients With Previously Untreated Classical Hairy Cell Leukemia

This is a multi-center, open label, single arm, phase II trial of the oral BRAF inhibitor, vemurafenib, plus obinutuzumab in patients with previously untreated HCL. A Simon mini-max two-stage design will be employed to assess the efficacy of the combination treatment of vemurafenib and obinutuzumab. In the first stage of the protocol, 9 patients will be treated. If fewer than 6 CRs are seen among the first 9 patients, the study will be closed for lack of efficacy. If at least 7 patients respond to the treatment, then an additional 19 patients will be accrued to the second stage, for a total of 28 patients. Eligible patients will receive vemurafenib at a dose of 960mg orally twice daily (b.i.d.) continuously in cycles of 4 weeks (28 days) for a total of 4 cycles. Obinutuzumab will be administered concomitantly with vemurafenib starting at cycle 2 of treatment in cycles of 4 weeks. Obinutuzumab infusions will be administered at 1000mg per day on days 1, 8 and 15 during the cycle 2 and 1000mg per day every 4 weeks during the cycle 3 and 4 of treatment. After the completion of the treatment (i.e. after 4 cycles), a bone marrow aspirate and biopsy will be performed for assessment of response and evaluation of minimal residual disease (MRD). In case of certain defined toxicities, dose reductions of vemurafenib by 50% (480mg b.i.d.) or interruptions of up to 15 days are permitted. If additional dose reduction is required, vemurafenib may be reduced to 240mg oral b.i.d.

Start: February 2018