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37 active trials for Gliosarcoma

Dose Escalation Trial of Re-irradiation in Good Prognosis Recurrent Glioblastoma

Background: A glioblastoma is a tumor in the brain. It is treated with surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. However, most people s tumors come back after therapy. When the tumor grows back, surgery or chemotherapy may not be possible or may no longer work. Repeat radiation therapy or re-irradiation, is an option for treating these tumors when they regrow. Objective: To find out the safety and highest tolerated dose of re-irradiation for people who have recurrent glioblastoma. Eligibility: People ages 18 50 who have glioblastoma that has been treated with radiation but has regrown. Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam MRI of the brain: They will lie in a machine that takes pictures of the brain. Participants will have baseline tests before they start therapy. These will include: Blood tests Neuropsychological tests: These test things like memory, attention, and thinking. Quality of life questionnaire Eye and hearing tests Participants will get a CT of the brain prior to radiation start in order to plan the radiation treatment. Once the plan is completed, they will receive radiation once a day Monday Friday for a total of 10 17 treatments. They will lie on their back for about 10 minutes while they get the treatment. Participants will be monitored for side effects. After they finish treatment, participants will have visits 1, 2, and 3 months later. Then they will have them every 2 months for 3 years. These will include: Medical history Physical exam Blood tests MRI of the brain. Quality of life questionnaire Neuropsychological tests (at some visits) After 3 years, participants will be contacted by phone each month.

Start: June 2016
Association of Peripheral Blood Immunologic Response to Therapeutic Response to Adjuvant Treatment With Immune Checkpoint Inhibition (ICI) in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma or Gliosarcoma

Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is a type of malignant glioma. These cancers are nearly always fatal. People who develop these cancers get aggressive treatments. But the tumors almost always recur. Researchers want to study people with newly diagnosed disease to learn more. Objective: To study people with newly diagnosed GBM or gliosarcoma to look at the changes in immune cells in the blood of those who take ipilimumab and nivolumab, along with temozolomide. Eligibility: Adults ages 18 and older with newly diagnosed GBM or gliosarcoma, who have had surgical removal of their tumor and have completed standard initial chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Design: Participants will be screened with the following: Medical record review Medical history Physical exam Tests to assess their nervous system and their ability to do typical activities Blood tests Tumor assessment. For this, they will have magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). They may get a contrast dye through an intravenous (IV) catheter. The MRI scanner makes noise. They will get earplugs. Electrocardiogram. It measures heart rate and rhythm. They will lie still. Sticky pads will be placed on their chest, arms, and legs. Screening tests will be repeated during the study. Treatment will be given in cycles. Each cycle lasts 4 weeks. Participants will get nivolumab and ipilimumab via IV. They will take temozolomide by mouth. They will keep a pill diary. Participants will fill out surveys about their symptoms. Participants will have follow-up visits about 60 days and 100 days after treatment ends. Then they will be contacted every 6 months for the rest of their life.

Start: June 2021
Selinexor (KPT-330) in Combination With Temozolomide and Radiation Therapy in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma

Background: Glioblastoma is a type of brain cancer. Treatments include radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery. But survival rates are poor. Researchers think that the drug selinexor, when combined with chemotherapy and radiation, might help. Objective: To learn the highest dose of selinexor that people with brain cancer can tolerate when given with temozolomide and radiation therapy. Eligibility: People ages 18 and older with brain cancer that has not been treated with chemotherapy or radiation Design: Participants will be screened under another protocol. Before participants start treatment, they will have tests: Neurological and physical evaluations Blood and urine tests Possible CT scan or MRI of the brain if they have not had one in 3 weeks. Participants will lie in a machine that takes pictures of the body. They may have a dye injected into a vein. Surveys about their well-being Participants will have radiation to the brain for up to 6 weeks. This will usually be given once a day, Monday through Friday. Starting the second day of radiation, participants will take selinexor by mouth once a week. They will take it in weeks 1, 2, 4, and 5. The timing may be changed. Starting the first day of radiation, participants will take temozolomide by mouth once a day until they complete radiation. Participants will have blood tests once per week during treatment. Participants will have a follow-up visit 1 month after they complete treatment. Then they will have visits at least every 2 months for the first 2 years, then at least every 3 months for another year. Visits will include MRIs and blood tests. ...

Start: July 2020
A Phase I Study of Mebendazole for the Treatment of Pediatric Gliomas

This is a study to determine the safety and efficacy of the drug, mebendazole, when used in combination with standard chemotherapy drugs for the treatment of pediatric brain tumors. Mebendazole is a drug used to treat infections with intestinal parasites and has a long track record of safety in humans. Recently, it was discovered that mebendazole may be effective in treating cancer as well, in particular brain tumors. Studies using both cell cultures and mouse models demonstrated that mebendazole was effective in decreasing the growth of brain tumor cells. This study focuses on the treatment of a category of brain tumors called gliomas. Low-grade gliomas are tumors arising from the glial cells of the central nervous system and are characterized by slower, less aggressive growth than that of high-grade gliomas. Some low-grade gliomas have a more aggressive biology and an increased likelihood of resistance or recurrence. Low-grade gliomas are often able to be treated by observation alone if they receive a total surgical resection. However, tumors which are only partially resected and continue to grow or cause symptoms, or those which recur following total resection require additional treatment, such as chemotherapy. Due to their more aggressive nature, pilomyxoid astrocytomas, even when totally resected, will often be treated with chemotherapy. The current first-line treatment at our institution for these low-grade gliomas involves a three-drug chemotherapy regimen of vincristine, carboplatin, and temozolomide. However, based on our data from our own historical controls, over 50% of patients with pilomyxoid astrocytomas will continue to have disease progression while on this treatment. We believe that mebendazole in combination with vincristine, carboplatin, and temozolomide may provide an additional therapeutic benefit with increased progression-free and overall survival for low-grade glioma patients, particularly for those with pilomyxoid astrocytomas. High grade gliomas are more aggressive tumors with poor prognoses. The standard therapy is radiation therapy. A variety of adjuvant chemotherapeutic combinations have been used, but with disappointing results. For high-grade gliomas this study will add mebendazole to the established combination of bevacizumab and irinotecan to determine this combinations safety and efficacy

Start: October 2013