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29 active trials for Giant Cell Arteritis

MEthotrexate Versus TOcilizumab for Treatment of GIant Cell Arteritis: a Multicenter, Randomized, Controlled Trial

Giant-cell arteritis (GCA) is the most frequent vasculitis after 50 years. It is characterized by a granulomatous inflammation of the wall of large vessels, involving especially the aorta and extra-cranial branches of the external carotid, with vascular remodelling leading to ischemic manifestations such as temporal headaches, jaw claudication, scalp tenderness and visual loss. Most patients with GCA also present signs of systemic inflammation, including weight loss, fatigue and fever, together with an increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level. Glucocorticoids (GC) are the cornerstone of the treatment of GCA. They are very effective and are usually given for 18-24 months to avoid relapses. Therefore, most patients develop GC-related complications that cause morbidity and disability. GC sparing strategies are thus required to improve the treatment of GCA. A 12-month treatment with tocilizumab (TCZ) has recently been shown to be effective in inducing and maintaining remission of GCA, with a dramatic GC-sparing effect. However, TCZ is an expensive drug; TCZ suppresses CRP synthesis and ESR elevation so that it is difficult to monitor patients; and importantly around 40% of patients relapse within 6 months after TCZ discontinuation, whether prescribed for 12 months or 4 months. In association with 6 months of prednisone, 10 mg/week of methotrexate (MTX) for 24 months lowers the risk of relapse at 24 months from 84% to 45%. Therefore, the hypothesis is that 12 months of MTX treatment (0.3 mg/Kg/week, without exceeding 20 mg/week) is not inferior to 12 months of TCZ (162 mg SC/week) in term of prevention of relapse at 18 months. The MTX strategy might be more cost effective than TCZ. In the present study, it is proposed to compare MTX versus TCZ in a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Moreover, the economic consequences associated with the use of MTX rather than TCZ will be also assess.

DijonStart: January 2020
Studies of the Natural History, Pathogenesis, and Outcome of Idiopathic Systemic Vasculitis

Background: - Vasculitis is a group of diseases that inflame and damage blood vessels and tissue. It can cause many medical problems. Few tests can diagnose the disease, and none can reliably predict a relapse. Researchers want to study people s genes and follow people over time to see how the disease affects them. Objective: - To learn the signs, symptoms, imaging tests, genetic markers, and blood tests that can help identify people with vasculitis and predict what will happen to them over time. Eligibility: People age 5 and older who have or are thought to have vasculitis, or are related to someone with it. Healthy volunteers. Design: Participants will be evaluated by a doctor who has expertise caring for patients with vasculitis. Participants will give a blood sample. Some will give a urine sample. Some participants may have brushings or biopsies taken from the inside lining of the nose. Images of participants blood vessels may be taken using scans. For some scans, participants will lie on a table that moves in and out of a cylinder that takes pictures. For some scans, a contrast agent may be injected into an arm vein. Other scans may use a radioactive form of sugar. Healthy minors will not have scans. Some participants will answer questionnaires. - Some participants will have their tests done at NIH. Others will have their doctor take the blood, saliva, or cheek swab samples and send them to NIH. Some participants will have one visit lasting 1 2 (but sometimes up to 4) days. Some participants may have follow-up visits every 3 6 months, indefinitely.

Bethesda, MarylandStart: September 2014