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15 active trials for First Episode Psychosis

OnTrackNY's Learning Healthcare System

This application proposes OnTrackNY as a regional scientific hub for the Early Psychosis Intervention Network (EPINET) program as part of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)'s creation of a national learning health care system (LHS) for early psychosis care. OnTrackNY has grown into a 22-site network, under the leadership of Lisa Dixon, MD, MPH. Created and supported by the New York State's Office of Mental Health (OMH), OnTrackNY is a nationally recognized model providing coordinated specialty care (CSC) for adolescents and young adults within two years of the onset of non-affective psychosis. OMH regulates and licenses all mental health programs in New York and is a direct-services provider via state-operated programs statewide. This makes OMH an ideal partner for establishing a statewide learning health care system for early psychosis care. Further, OnTrackNY's administration, OnTrackCentral, operates within the OMH-supported Center for Practice Innovations at Columbia Psychiatry. In this model, OnTrackCentral serves as the hub and the 22 OnTrackNY programs serve as the spokes. Since 2014, the still-growing OnTrackNY network has served over 1,600 individuals. From its inception, OnTrackNY has aimed to deliver high-quality, data-driven, accountable and culturally competent care consistent with an LHS. As a condition of funding, all OnTrackNY providers follow established protocols that require submission of patient- and site-level standard measures of early psychosis clinical features, services, and treatment outcomes. The proposed EPINET regional hub, the OnTrackNY LHS, will emphasize and enhance two critical foundational components - Aim 1: proactively engage stakeholders to optimize understanding of key problems and their solutions at every LHS phase; and Aim 2: develop data systems with enhanced standardized data collection, including post-discharge data and linkages to external data systems, and enhancing data analytics that will allow for client-level treatment planning and prospective analytics, delivering real time, dynamic and actionable information to stakeholders. These LHS components do not follow in a stepwise sequence but instead operate in parallel and interact to facilitate and enhance quality improvement processes. This backbone will support the development of practice-based research.

Start: August 2019
Early Psychosis Intervention - Spreading Evidence-based Treatment

Implementation of 'NAVIGATE' in Ontario aims to help youth and emerging adults suffering from a first episode of psychosis. Although Ontario already has early psychosis intervention programs, the team's recent work has identified major challenges of delivering coordinated care, particularly those elements of care that enhance recovery. These challenges also exist nationally and internationally. By building on the already existing early psychosis intervention community of practice through the Early Psychosis Intervention Ontario Network, the investigators will implement NAVIGATE with the help of CAMH's Provincial System Support Program facilitators. The use of tele-videoconferencing through ECHO Mental Health Ontario and ECHO processes and protocols provide us with an opportunity to ensure sustainability. Using health administrative data held at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES), the investigators can examine system-level outcomes, including hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and outpatient physician visits of youth and emerging adults suffering from a first episode psychosis who are treated with NAVIGATE compared with those treated in early psychosis intervention programs without NAVIGATE and those who are not treated in early psychosis intervention programs. In addition, the investigators can also evaluate health care costs. Prior to initiating this project, the investigators obtained the input of youth and emerging adults with a first episode psychosis and family members. The investigators will also continue to measure engagement across the study. Hypotheses: Following the implementation of NAVIGATE, program fidelity (i.e. adaptability) to the Ontario early psychosis intervention standard will improve. Compared to patients not receiving NAVIGATE, those who receive NAVIGATE through this implementation study will have fewer days in hospital, fewer emergency department visits, fewer suicide attempts, lower mortality, and lower healthcare costs. Improvements in functioning and symptoms will be comparable to the RAISE study (an earlier study assessing NAVIGATE); improvement may be influenced by demographic, socio-economic, geographic, and clinical factors. The project's engagement approach will demonstrate that the investigators used the full range of patient engagement based on objectively assessed engagement metrics.

Start: January 2020
Socially Inappropriate Behaviour in People With First Episode Psychosis: A Caregivers' Perspective

Social impairment is one of the core symptoms in first episode psychosis (FEP). Despite negative symptoms and social cognition impairment found in patient suffering from FEP, clinicians occasionally identified socially inappropriate behaviours (SIB) after onset and stabilization of psychotic disorder. It is also uncommon that some caregivers often complain about their relatives with psychosis of embarrassing and immature behaviour. SIB mainly observed in form of excessive emotional expression, childish behaviour and regressive behaviour. There is limited research focusing on this inadequate behavioural pattern in patient with first episode psychosis recently. It was worth investigating this phenomenon and gain more understanding in other comorbidity symptoms and caregiving distress arisen from this. Psychometric tests and validated assessment tools are well-developed for measuring positive symptoms, negative symptoms, neurocognitive deficits and social cognition impairment in schizophrenic patients but none of them is useful specifically for assessing SIB, and not to mention, from carer's perspective. It could be an obstacle for clinicians to investigate the phenomena of the prevalence and the impact on family in real life without any validated assessment tools or questionnaires. This qualitative study aims to identify the SIB in patients with FEP and to explore the caregiving experience and distress. Hopefully, this study may help designing a questionnaire for future exploration on this topic.

Start: June 2018