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323 active trials for Diabetes

Investigation of Eluxadoline for Diabetic Diarrhea

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects a large part of the United States population. The majority of patients with diabetes will experience gastrointestinal symptoms. One of the most troublesome gastrointestinal symptoms that diabetes can cause is diarrhea, otherwise known as "Diabetic Diarrhea." This occurs because diabetes does damage to nerves that control the gut and prevent it from functioning normally. Currently, there are only several medications used to treat the symptoms of Diabetic Diarrhea, but many of these medications have serious side effects or do not work well. We are investigating the drug eluxadoline for the treatment of Diabetic Diarrhea. Eluxadoline is a gut-specific medication that is FDA approved to treat diarrhea related to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D). Our hypothesis is eluxadoline will safely and successfully reduce diarrhea symptoms (number of stools and less liquid stools) and improve the quality of life in patients with Diabetic Diarrhea when compared with placebo. Each patient with Diabetic Diarrhea who participates will take both eluxadoline and a placebo drug at separate times over a period of several months as part of a crossover study design. While on each medication, eluxadoline or placebo, the participants will keep a diary of symptoms and will be followed by the medical team through a combination of office visits and questionnaires. There will be five planned office visits and intermittent phone calls (questionnaires, surveys) over the 140-day study period. Participants will not be permitted to use any other anti-diarrhea medication during the study period and will continue on medication for management of their diabetes.

Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaStart: July 2021
Evaluating Glial Acetate Metabolism as a Biomarker of Hypoglycemic Counterregulation

Hypoglycemic complications are a major impediment to the maintenance of healthy glucose levels in persons with diabetes. The investigators recently completed a clinical pilot and feasibility study (GLIMPSE, NCT02690168), which identified a novel biomarker, glial acetate metabolism, that appears to predict the susceptibility to hypoglycemia. By providing an assay to predict hypoglycemic events and therefore diabetic complications, the development of this biomarker could significantly improve the treatment of persons with diabetes. The goal of this study is to determine the efficacy of our biomarker for predicting susceptibility to insulin-induced hypoglycemia. In order to accomplish this goal the investigatiors will pair our 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy procedure to assess glial acetate metabolism, developed in the GLIMPSE study, with a hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemic clamp procedure, developed in the HYPOCLAMP study (NCT03839511). The two procedures will be separated by a three day interval. The investigators will then correlate the participants' rates of glial acetate metabolism with their neuroendocrine responses to the hypoglycemic clamp. This proof of concept study will test the hypothesis that glial acetate metabolism is inversely proportional to the neuroendocrine response to hypoglycemia, that is, as glial acetate metabolism increases the neuroendocrine response will decrease.

Baton Rouge, LouisianaStart: February 2020
Caregiving Networks Across Disease Context and the Life Course

Background: In the U.S., about 53 million informal, unpaid caregivers provide care to a person who is ill, is disabled, or has age-related loss of function. These caregivers may be adult children, spouses, parents, or others. The stress of providing long-term care affects caregivers health and well-being. Researchers want to learn more about this stress and its effects. Objective: To learn how the caregiving process affects the health and well-being of caregivers over time. Eligibility: Adults aged 18 years and older who are caregivers for a person with a chronic medical condition and who have already given consent to take part in other study activities. Design: Participants will be put in different groups. They will complete some or all of the following tasks over 1 year. They may repeat these tasks once a year for up to 5 years. Participants will fill out 2 online surveys. One will ask about their health and their caregiving experience. The other will ask them to list people in their social network and their care recipient s social network who give them support. Participants will have a 2-part phone interview. It will be audio recorded. In part 1, they will be asked about the people they listed in the survey. In part 2, they will be asked about their caregiving experience and events in the care recipient s life. Participants may fill out a weeklong diary every 3 months. It will ask about their daily social activities, well-being, and stress levels. It will also ask about their thoughts and feelings about caregiving. Participants may give a blood sample each year they are in the study. ...

Bethesda, MarylandStart: September 2021
Developing the Family Map: Looking at Communal Coping

Background: - Knowing one s family medical history is a part of staying healthy. Some health risks run in families, and knowing these risks can promote more healthy behavior. Different social and cultural factors may affect how family members share this information. Genetic risk information that is shared in one family may not be shared in the same way in another. This information may also be shared differently between spouses, siblings, or parents and children. It may even be shared with more distant relatives. Knowing the information that family members share and how they share it may help researchers improve genetic disease treatment and support plans. Family surveys of people who have genetic health risks may help provide this information. Objectives: - To study how family members affected by genetic-related diseases share health information with each other. Eligibility: Individuals at least 18 years of age who can read English or Spanish. Participants affected by a genetic disease or be related or married to someone who has the disease. Design: Participants will be screened with an initial questionnaire. They will identify their genetic disease and provide a basic health history. Participants who have the disease will complete an online survey or participate in a personal interview. The questions will take about 45 minutes to 1 hour to answer. The survey will ask about family health history and family support. Participants will also provide referrals to a spouse or relatives who will participate in the study. The spouse or relative will answer a similar survey. The survey will ask about health history and support for the spouse/relative with the disease. A gift card will be given as thanks for participating in the study.

Bethesda, MarylandStart: July 2012
PolyTreg Immunotherapy in Islet Transplantation

Islet transplantation is a relatively new procedure used in people with difficult to control Type 1 diabetes. Patients who receive an islet transplant take medication that suppresses their immune system and prevent rejection of the islet tissue. In spite of the strengths of the current immunosuppression regimen, it has failed to enhance single-donor success rates, and the majority of patients require 2 or more islet transplants to achieve insulin independence. The need for life-long, high-dose immunosuppression is also associated with substantial side effects, and continues to limit application of islet transplantation earlier in the course of the disease. The investigators have learned that Regulatory T cells (Tregs), a small subset of cluster of differentiation 4+ (CD4+) T cells, have emerged as the major contributor to self-tolerance through suppression of activation and effector function of other immune cells. Tregs function by preventing the initiation of unwanted immune activation and by suppressing ongoing immune response to limit bystander tissue destruction. It has been suggested that infusion of Tregs before extensive graft damage may improve long-term graft outcomes. This study is an open label, controlled, dose finding pilot study. Up to 18 participants will be recruited including 12 participants receiving the investigational treatment and 6 participants being assigned to control group. All participants will undergo the routine Standard of Care islet transplant procedure, and will be maintained on lower dose tacrolimus and sirolimus immunosuppression. The primary goal is to assess the safety and feasibility of intravenous infusion of ex vivo-selected and ex vivo-expanded autologous PolyTregs in islet transplant patients. The other goal is to assess the effect of Tregs on beta cell function in islet transplant patients. The control group (6) will receive the current Edmonton islet transplant induction therapy (Alemtuzumab with Etanercept and Anakinra). The intervention group (up to 12) will receive islet transplant with same induction therapy as control group and PolyTregs (400-1600 million) six weeks post- transplant and will be followed for 1 year to assess safety and preliminary efficacy of Treg therapy. The Treg product will be administered via a peripheral intravenous (IV) line primed with saline per established standard operating procedures in approximately 20 to 30 minutes. The intravenous line will be maintained after the infusion and the participant will be asked to remain in the hospital for 24 hours. All participants will be maintained on low dose tacrolimus and sirolimus immunosuppression. The investigators will also use retrospective data from the islet transplant cohort receiving Tac/mycophenolate mofetil(MMF) with alemtuzumab (>100 patients). All study participants will be followed up for 58 weeks. Tests and assessments will be performed at each key study visit and will be allowed for +/- 2 weeks to accommodate scheduling. The following measurements will be recorded at each key study visit : Blood work, including the following: Complete blood count (CBC) and differential Creatinine and electrolytes Fasting glucose and c-peptide Any adverse events Physical examination Body weight (kg) Vital signs (BP, HR) Glucose records for self-monitoring. Hemoglobin A1c Insulin use (total daily dose) Autoantibodies and autoreactive T cell MMTT Immune profile

Edmonton, AlbertaStart: February 2018