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93 active trials for Contraception

Investigating the Interaction Between Two Long-acting Reversible Methods of Contraception and Dolutegravir, a Treatment for HIV

It is important to make sure that women have access to effective methods of contraception to prevent pregnancy so that they can make choices about when and if they will have their first or next child. Some of the most effective methods of contraception are the long-acting, reversible methods of contraception (LARCS), including the contraceptive implant and the contraceptive injection. In areas of the world where there are high numbers of people living with HIV, providing contraception to women is sometimes complicated, as there are known to be interactions between some of the medications that treat HIV and some hormonal methods of contraception. One medication to treat HIV, dolutegravir, is now one of the first-line treatments for HIV in Botswana, and more and more women of childbearing age are taking dolutegravir to treat HIV. At the moment, there is limited information on whether or not there are interactions between dolutegravir (the HIV medication) and the contraceptive implant or the contraceptive injection, two commonly used methods of contraception in Botswana. The main purpose of this study is to find out if women using contraception and also taking dolutegravir have lower levels of contraceptive hormone in their blood compared to women taking no HIV treatment. The study hypothesis is that there is no interaction between dolutegravir and the contraceptive implant or injection. In this study, levels of hormone from the injection or the implant will be measured in women living with HIV who take dolutegravir and compared to hormone levels in women who do not have HIV and who have never taken any medications to treat HIV. Women will be counselled about all of the possible methods of contraception (including the pill, the injection, the implant and the copper intrauterine device (or coil/loop)) that are available and will be empowered to make their own decision about the method of contraception they feel will be best for them. Women who choose the implant or the injection will be invited to enrol in the study; and will be categorised into one of four groups, based on whether or not they are living with HIV and taking dolutegravir. At several time points, women will have blood tests to check the level of hormone from the implant or the injection, over a course of 12 weeks for women starting the injection and 24 weeks for women starting the implant. Women will also be asked to complete a short questionnaire about any side effects from the contraception including changes to bleeding patterns. At the end of the 12 weeks (for women starting the injection) or 24 weeks (for women starting the implant), the results from these blood samples will be analysed to see how the levels of the hormone in their blood changed over time. The study will also look at whether the levels of dolutegravir (the HIV medication) changed over time. These results will be compared between women living with HIV taking dolutegravir and women without HIV who have never taken dolutegravir to see whether there is any interaction between dolutegravir and the hormonal contraceptive implant or contraceptive injection.

Start: October 2021