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19 active trials for Colorectal Polyp

Reducing Colonoscopies in Patients Without Significant Bowel Disease

Investigating people with bowel symptoms uses a test that detects traces of blood in the stools, the FIT test. There are many possible reasons for positive tests. A few people have cancer. However, most participants with symptoms don't have any serious bowel disease but have benign problems such as piles or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). It is very difficult to diagnose on symptoms alone, those participants who have serious bowel disease and those who do not. After a positive test, people are invited for colonoscopy - a sort of articulated tube that is passed up the bowel. Most people invited for colonoscopy don't have cancer. Only about 5% of those with positive FIT tests have cancer. About 25% have other bowel diseases, but most have nothing serious wrong at all. So they have the inconvenience and discomfort of colonoscopy but don't get any benefit from it. The investigators want to try adding another test, the volatile organic compound (VOC) test, to see if the investigators can separate those with positive FIT tests who do have something wrong, from those who don't. The VOC test uses a urine sample. Using both tests might also be better for detecting cancer. FIT alone misses about 20%. So the investigators think that using both tests might not only be better for detecting cancer, but also might mean that a lot of people will avoid having to have colonoscopy. This study will recruit 1,819 participants with bowel symptoms from NHS trusts in the UK. They will provide stool samples for FIT and urine for VOC analysis. They will have colonoscopy to get a definite diagnosis. Then the investigators will look at their FIT and VOC test results to see if in future, people with both tests negative.

Start: September 2020
CADDIE Trial - Computer Aided Diagnosis and Detection for Intelligent Endoscopy

Background: Colonoscopy is accepted to be the gold standard for screening of colorectal cancer (CRC). Most CRCs develop from adenomatous polyps, with colonoscopy accepted to be the gold standard for screening of CRC. An endoscopist's ability to detect polyps is assessed in the form of an Adenoma Detection Rate (ADR). Each 1.0% increase in ADR is associated with a 3.0% decrease in the risk of the patient developing an interval CRC. There remains a wide variation in endoscopist ADR. More recently, the use of artificial intelligence (AI) and computer aided diagnosis in endoscopy has been gaining increasing attention for its role in automated lesion detection and characterisation. AI can potentially improve ADR, but previous AI related work has largely focused on retrospectively assessing still endoscopic images and selected video sequences which may be subject to bias and lack clinical utility. There are only limited clinical studies evaluating the effect of AI in improving ADR. The CADDIE device uses convolutional neural networks developed for computer assisted detection and computer assisted diagnosis of polyps. Primary objective: To determine whether the CADDIE artificial intelligence system improves endoscopic detection of adenomas during colonoscopy. Primary endpoint: The difference in adenoma detection rate (ADR) between the intervention (supported with the CADDIE system) and non-intervention arm Study design: Multi-Centre, open-label, randomised, prospective trial to assess efficacy and safety of the CADDIE artificial intelligence system for improving endoscopic detection of colonic polyps in real-time.

Start: November 2020
Efficacy and Safety of Cold Snare Polypectomy (CSP) of Intermediate Sized Colorectal Polyps 10-15 mm

Colorectal cancer (CRC) has become the third most common malignant tumor and is the second leading cause of cancer related deaths worldwide. Adenomatous polyps of the colon are possible precursor lesions for CRC. Screening for CRC has been shown effective in preventing CRC and related deaths, especially colonoscopy and resection of adenomatous polyps. Currently, for intermediate sized polyps 5 - 20 mm hot snare polypectomy (HSP) with the use of electrocautery is conventionally used, causing relevant adverse events including haemorrhage and postpolypectomy coagulation syndrome, but is safe regarding complete resection of the polyp due to burning effect on residual tissue. On the other hand, cold snare polypectomy (CSP) has grown popularity. Absence of electrocautery makes it technically easier and most important reduces adverse events. CSP is recommended as the preferred technique for polyps <5 mm by the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) guidelines. In literature, there is one multicenter trial from Japan recommending CSP for polyps 4-9 mm (average polyp size 5,4 mm) and only a few case studies for polyps 10-15 mm with inconsistent results, especially regarding the complete resection and pathological evaluation of the specimen. In this feasibility trial, the investigators try to find out if CSP with a new designed polypectomy snare is efficient and safe in terms of complete resection (R0), pathological evaluation and adverse events.

Start: July 2020
Safety Of ColoRectal Assessment and Tumor Evaluation by Colon Capsule Endoscopy

Following European guidelines patients undergoing colonoscopy in one of Odense University Hospitals units will now be offered a colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) in case of incomplete examinations. Patients formerly referred to colonoscopy in general anesthesia or patients who decline colonoscopy after having completed bowel preparation will also be offered a CCE. In our department we have conducted a comparison study documenting that the sensitivity of CCE is superior to CT colonography in both polyps >9 mm and polyps >5 mm, which is also supported by an Italian study. The safety and completion rate of CCE following incomplete colonoscopy is confirmed by several studies including one multicenter study and the completion rate is not significantly lower compared to other patient groups. In an incomplete colonoscopy it is always the most oral part of the colon which is not visualized, whereas in CCE, an incomplete investigation will most often have visualized the oral part. By combining incomplete colonoscopy results and incomplete CCE results we can identify patients who have had a complete colon investigation although both investigations were incomplete. Aim: to investigate the quality of CCE and the completion rate in patients who have undergone an incomplete colonoscopy, have completed bowel preparation but declines colonoscopy or have been referred to colonoscopy in general anesthesia.

Start: May 2020
Diagnostic Performance of a Convolutional Neural Network for Diminutive Colorectal Polyp Recognition

Rationale: Diminutive colorectal polyps (1-5mm in size) have a high prevalence and very low risk of harbouring cancer. Current practice is to send all these polyps for histopathological assessment by the pathologist. If an endoscopist would be able to correctly predict the histology of these diminutive polyps during colonoscopy, histopathological examination could be omitted and practise could become more time- and cost-effective. Studies have shown that prediction of histology by the endoscopist remains dependent on training and experience and varies greatly between endoscopists, even after systematic training. Computer aided diagnosis (CAD) based on convolutional neural networks (CNN) may facilitate endoscopists in diminutive polyp differentiation. Up to date, studies comparing the diagnostic performance of CAD-CNN to a group of endoscopists performing optical diagnosis during real-time colonoscopy are lacking. Objective: To develop a CAD-CNN system that is able to differentiate diminutive polyps during colonoscopy with high accuracy and to compare the performance of this system to a group of endoscopist performing optical diagnosis, with the histopathology as the gold standard. Study design: Multicentre, prospective, observational trial. Study population: Consecutive patients who undergo screening colonoscopy (phase 2) Main study parameters/endpoints: The accuracy of optical diagnosis of diminutive colorectal polyps (1-5mm) by CAD-CNN system compared with the accuracy of the endoscopists. Histopathology is used as the gold standard.

Start: October 2018
Multicentric Study About Pathological Risk Factors for Lymph Node Metastasis in Malignant Colorectal Polyps

Colorectal cancer screening showed an increased incidence of malignant colorectal polyps pT1 after endoscopic excision. Their management is not yet standardized, for the presence of histological features increasing early lymph node involvement. The literature has proposed several histopathological criteria, for which the risk of lymph node metastasis can vary (6-20%), but final data are not yet available. Aim 1.To collect data about patients undergoing an endoscopic polypectomy with histologic finding of pT1, retrospectively and prospectively, dividing both databases into two groups, endoscopic group (EG) and surgical group (SG) Aim 2. To analyze retrospectively which pathological criteria can increase the risk of lymph node metastasis and to elaborate a prognostic score for lymph node metastatic risk Aim 3. To verify prospectively the prognostic score capacity on predicting lymph node metastasis Aim 4. To calculate the disease free survival, overall survival, local recurrence rate and distal recurrence rate and verify if there is a difference between EG and SG According to literature, the most important histopathological criteria to establish the high risk of lymph node metastasis are: Lateral margin of healthy tissue (high risk: <1mm and piecemeal polypectomy) Depth of submucosa invasion (high risk: >1000 ?M or sm2-sm3 for sessile polyps; Haggitt level 4 for pedunculated polyps) Vascular invasion (high risk: presence) Lymphatic invasion (high risk: presence) Tumor budding (high risk: presence) Tumor differentiation (high risk: grade G3-G4 or mucinous) A database will be used by all participating centres for collecting clinical and pathological data. All the analyses will be centralized by the PI. Uni-multivariate analyses will be conducted at the end of data collection for retrospective arm and at 2 years of follow-up for prospective arm. Impact: This study aimed to investigate pathological risk factors for lymph node metastasis in pT1 colorectal polyps after endoscopic polypectomy; their accurate identification could lead to improve their management, avoiding useless complementary surgery. Results could change clinical practice and reduce health-related costs.

Start: March 2018