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129 active trials for Cataract

Efficacy of LipiFlow in Patients Affected by Meibomian Gland Dysfunction in Reducing Post-cataract Surgery Dry Eye

Dry Eye Disease (DED) is a disease of the ocular surface which may be secondary to a variety of causes, including cataract surgery. DED is characterized by loss of tear film stability and dry eye symptoms, and its pathogenesis is related to corneal nerve injury, decreased goblet cells, inflammation of the ocular surface, and dysfunction of the meibomian glands (MGD). MGD is the main cause of evaporative DED and can cause irregularity of the ocular surface, affecting the accuracy of the biometric calculation. In addition, it is a risk factor for DED exacerbation after cataract surgery, that may occur in about 40% of cases. Current therapies for DED include artificial tears, warm compresses, manual squeezing of the glands, eyelid hygiene, omega-3 fatty acids, topical cyclosporine, serum tears, topical azithromycin, oral doxycycline. The above therapies in some cases can provide only transient relief, affecting the outcome of cataract surgery and the quality of life of patients. Therefore, stabilization of the ocular surface before cataract surgery is important to achieve better post-operative comfort and a better refractive result. The introduction of LipiFlow thermal pulsation treatment (LTP) represents a controlled method of squeezing the obstructed Meibomian glands by applying heat to the upper and lower eyelids and simultaneously applying pulsatile pressure to the eyelid skin surfaces. The aim of our study will be to evaluate the effect of preoperative LipiFlow therapy in patients with age-related cataracts and mild to moderate MGD in reducing postoperative DED.

Florence, FIStart: July 2021
Impact of a Novel Extended Depth of Focus Intraocular Lens on Visual and Lifestyle Enhancement

The introduction of presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses (PC-IOLs) has provided cataract and refractive surgeons the ability to provide patients with a wider range of visual success and spectacle independence post-cataract surgery.Multifocal (MFIOL) IOLs have the ability to provide near and distance vision, and in the case of trifocal IOLs, near, intermediate and distance. Despite the significant technological evolution of MFIOL's, the potential for visual disturbances, such as glare, halos and starbursts still exists-and in much greater frequency compared to their monofocal counterparts. Extended depth of focus (EDOF) IOLs aim to provide patients with a functional range of vision, with a similar visual disturbance profile to a monofocal lens. In this way, this subset of PC-IOL's can offer patients some degree of spectacle independence, with a significantly lower incidence of visual disturbances. The Vivity Extended Vision IOL is the first of its kind to offer Wavefront Stretching technology, providing patients with an excellent extended range of vision from intermediate to distance, as well as some functional near vision. Prior studies have demonstrated very good vision in both bright and dim lighting conditions, as well as a high degree of spectacle independence with the Vivity IOL, as compared to a monofocal IOL. Studies evaluating the ability of the Vivity IOL to provide a significant impact on patient lifestyle (e.g. patient independence from spectacles for most activities with a low rate of visual disturbances) in the United States in a 'real-world' setting have yet to be performed. In addition, influence of pre-and-perioperative variables such as sex, age, prior refractive surgery, IOL formula used, axial length, astigmatism, use of intraoperative aberrometry, femtosecond laser and pupillary expansion devices has yet to be evaluated on the postoperative success of this IOL. This study will be comprised of patients with visually significant cataracts who will undergo cataract extraction with implantation of the spherical and/or toric models of the Vivity Extended Vision (Alcon, Fort Worth TX) intraocular lens. Upon decision of the patient and surgeon to undergo surgery, patients will be offered the option to enroll in this observational study.

Babylon, New YorkStart: October 2020