300,000+ clinical trials. Find the right one.

734 active trials for Cancer

Characterizing Fatigue Experienced by Cancer Patients Receiving Primary Treatment and Cancer Survivors

Background: - Fatigue is a common side effect of cancer and its treatment. Up to 96% of patients with cancer have fatigue. The cause of fatigue in people with cancer or those receiving treatment is poorly understood, making fatigue hard to treat. More research is necessary to understand why cancer patients experience fatigue. Previous research has shown that fatigue may be caused by a number of factors, including problems with the immune system response of the body while undergoing cancer treatment. The researchers of this study are trying to understand how the immune system and other chemicals of the body change while a person receives cancer treatment and how these changes play a role in causing fatigue. The researchers are also interested in how a person s quality of life is affected by fatigue. Objectives: - To study fatigue in individuals who have cancer, are receiving cancer treatment, or have recently completed cancer treatment. Eligibility: Individuals at least 18 years of age. Receiving cancer treatment, OR recently completed primary treatment for cancer (e.g., cancer survivors), OR on active surveillance for localized cancer. Design: This study involves an initial screening visit and up to three outpatient visits. Participants will be screened with a medical history review (can be done virtually) and blood tests. A physical exam might also occur. Participants undergoing cancer treatment that has a clear completion date, will have the following visits: Before the start of treatment. At the end of treatment. At least 3 months after treatment ends. Participants not receiving treatment, are cancer survivors, or undergoing cancer treatment that does not have a clear completion date, will have up to 3 visits: Before the start of treatment or whenever you begin the study. At least 3 months after your first visit. At least 3 months after your second visit. At each study visit, participants will complete the following tasks (some of the tasks can be done from home or virtually): Questionnaires about physical activity, fatigue, depression, and quality of life (can be done at home or virtually). Have blood drawn. Physical activity device and journals to study how fatigue affects physical activity. Optional tests: Computer games testing your memory, attention, and ability to follow directions. Hand grip strength test to evaluate physical strength. Treatment will not be provided under this study.

Start: February 2011
Developing the Family Map: Looking at Communal Coping

Background: - Knowing one s family medical history is a part of staying healthy. Some health risks run in families, and knowing these risks can promote more healthy behavior. Different social and cultural factors may affect how family members share this information. Genetic risk information that is shared in one family may not be shared in the same way in another. This information may also be shared differently between spouses, siblings, or parents and children. It may even be shared with more distant relatives. Knowing the information that family members share and how they share it may help researchers improve genetic disease treatment and support plans. Family surveys of people who have genetic health risks may help provide this information. Objectives: - To study how family members affected by genetic-related diseases share health information with each other. Eligibility: Individuals at least 18 years of age who can read English or Spanish. Participants affected by a genetic disease or be related or married to someone who has the disease. Design: Participants will be screened with an initial questionnaire. They will identify their genetic disease and provide a basic health history. Participants who have the disease will complete an online survey or participate in a personal interview. The questions will take about 45 minutes to 1 hour to answer. The survey will ask about family health history and family support. Participants will also provide referrals to a spouse or relatives who will participate in the study. The spouse or relative will answer a similar survey. The survey will ask about health history and support for the spouse/relative with the disease. A gift card will be given as thanks for participating in the study.

Start: July 2012
Study of Voicing My CHOiCES as a Tool for Advanced Care Planning in Young Adults With Cancer

Background: - There are very few documents to help young adults living with advanced cancer discuss their concerns and end-of-life preferences. A new document, Voicing My CHOiCES, allows young adults to explain what kind of care they would want if they became unable to communicate or make medical decisions on their own. Researchers want to study if this document is helpful. Objective: - To study if Voicing My CHOiCES can reduce anxiety, improve sense of support, and improve communication about advanced care planning. Eligibility: - Adults 18 to 39 years old being treated for cancer. Design: Participants will answer questions about their age, gender, employment, religion, health, and marital status. They will also complete several brief questionnaires: General Anxiety Short Form Peace, Equanimity and Acceptance in the Cancer Experience Functional Assessment of Social Support Quality of Communication Prior Communication about Advanced Care Planning Then a health care professional will introduce Voicing My CHOiCES . Participants will review the document and comment on parts they find relevant. They will also say if any important items are missing. Participants will complete 3 pages of the document with the assistance of a health care provider. They will be asked for positive and negative observations. The second stage of the study will take place about 1 month later. Participants will repeat the brief questionnaires listed above. They will be asked if they shared any of the preferences they described when completing the 3 pages of Voicing My CHOiCES during visit 1 with a family member, friend, or health care provider. Research staff will ask the participant for permission to contact the people they spoke with in order to learn whether their conversations about the document were helpful. They will ask for feedback on how to make Voicing My CHOiCES more helpful.

Start: April 2014
Ovarian Reserve Testing in Female Young Adult Cancer Survivors

Young adult cancer survivors constitute an under served population to whom fertility potential is particularly important. For female young adult patients, cancer treatment such as alkylating chemotherapy are toxic to the finite number of eggs they have, resulting in risks of infertility and premature menopause related to ovarian failure. Reproductive issues are a major concern for young cancer survivors, but one that is understudied. Young cancer survivors have few tools to measure post-treatment ovarian reserve, or the quantity and quality of remaining eggs4. Accurate determination of ovarian reserve and fertility potential would not only be an important research tool, but also directly impact clinical management. The purpose of this study is to test if basal and provocative ovarian reserve testing can predict return of menses in female young adult cancer survivors, to compare basal and provocative ovarian reserve testing results between female young adult cancer survivors and healthy controls, and to compare basal and provocative ovarian reserve testing results between female young adult cancer survivors on and off of combined estrogen and progesterone hormone products. Participants will be asked to keep track of their periods over three months. If a participant is taking birth control pills, patches, or vaginal ring, they will asked to come off the birth control for 3 months. Participants will also be asked to undergo ovarian reserve testing by blood draws and pelvic ultrasounds at the start and end of the 3 months.

Start: January 2011
Phase I/II Trial of the Combination of Bintrafusp Alfa (M7824), Entinostat and NHS-IL12 (M9241) in Patients With Advanced Cancer

Background: Often, metastatic human papillomavirus (HPV) associated cancers cannot be cured. They also do not respond well to treatment. Some forms of colon cancer also have poor responses to treatment. Researchers want to see if a new drug treatment can help people with these types of cancers. Objective: To find a safe dose of entinostat in combination with NHS-IL12 and bintrafusp alfa and to see if this treatment will cause tumors to shrink. Eligibility: Adults ages 18 and older who have cervical, oropharyngeal, anal, vulvar, vaginal, penile, squamous cell rectal, or another cancer that may be associated with HPV infection or microsatellite stable small bowel or colorectal cancer. Design: Participants will be screened with a medical history and physical exam. Their ability to do daily activities will be assessed. They may have imaging scans of the brain and/or chest, abdomen, and pelvis. They may have nuclear bone scans. They will have an electrocardiogram to test heart function. They will have blood and urine tests. They may have a tumor biopsy. Participants with skin lesions may have them photographed. Some screening tests will be repeated during the study. Treatment will be done in 28-day cycles. Participants will get bintrafusp alfa through an intravenous catheter every 2 weeks. They will get NHS-IL12 as an injection under the skin every 4 weeks. They will take entinostat by mouth once a week. They will complete a medicine diary. Participants will get treatment for 2 years. They will have 1-2 follow-up visits in the 30 days after treatment ends. Then they will be contacted every 6 months to check on their health.

Start: June 2021
Tumor Related Epilepsy

Background: Some people with brain tumors have seizures related to the tumor. This is called tumor-related epilepsy. Usually brain tumors are treated by removing as much of the brain tumor as possible without causing problems. Researchers think this may improve the outcome for people with brain tumors. It may completely relieve or greatly reduce the number of seizures they have. Objectives: To evaluate people with brain tumors that are associated with seizures and to offer surgical treatment. Also, to study how surgery affects seizures. Eligibility: People age 8 and older who have a brain tumor with associated seizures. They must be willing to have brain surgery to treat their epilepsy. Design: Participants will be screened with a review of their medical records. Participants will have a medical history and physical exam. Participants will be admitted to the hospital at NIH. They will have Medical history Physical exam Neurological exam Tests of memory, attention, and thinking Questions about their symptoms and quality of life Blood drawn They may also have: MRI or CT scan. They will lie on a table that slides in and out of a machine that takes pictures. For part of the MRI, they will get a dye through an intravenous (IV) catheter. Video electroencephalography monitoring. Electrodes will be placed on the scalp. The participant s brain waves will be recorded while doing normal activities. Participants will be videotaped. Participants will keep a seizure diary before and after surgery. Participants will have surgery to remove their brain tumor and the brain area where their seizures start. They will stay in the hospital up to a week after surgery. Participants have for follow-up visits at NIH.

Start: January 2016