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13 active trials for Cancer of Esophagus

Impact of Cancer Therapy on Myocardial Function in Patients With Esophagus Cancer

Introduction: Patients with cancer in esophagus and gastroesophageal junction (EGEJ) treated with chemoradiotherapy (chemoRT) have increased risk of cardiovascular disease. EGEJ patients often have frailty and pre-existing cardiovascular disease. This may disqualify them for standard trimodal curative treatment and offer surgery alone, chemoRT alone or palliative treatment only. The current understanding of radiation induced heart disease (RIHD) in EGEJ patients is limited. Hence, there is a need for additional studies. Especially on myocardial function during and after chemoRT as congestive heart failure is a serious complication associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Proton-based radiation therapy (RT) is a new alternative to standard photon-based radiation therapy, that is likely to reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications. Hypothesis: Treatment with chemoRT might induce myocardial dysfunction, symptoms of heart failure and decreased physical performance in patients with EGEJ Cancer. The aim: Is to investigate the influence on chemoRT on myocardial function in EGEJ patients and evaluate the cardiac prognosis and eventually identify potential high-risk patients who might benefit from proton-based RT instead of the current photon-based RT. Method: From power calculation the investigators plan to include 56 patients with EGEJ cancer during a period of two years. Inclusions criteria: biopsy verified EGEJ cancer supported by findings from gastroscopy, PET CT scan and with the final diagnosis locally advanced, non-metastatic. The patients will be examined with serial cardiac investigations to evaluate if they develop impairment of the heart function during or after chemoRT. The investigations include; electrocardiogram, cardiac biomarkers, echocardiography and cardio pulmonary exercise test. The examinations will be performed at study entry (baseline) and after six weeks and again after six months.

Start: June 2018
Radiogenomics in Aerodigestive Tract Cancers

Aerodigestive tract cancers are common malignancies. These cancers were ranked to be top-ten cancer-related deaths in Taiwan. Although many new target therapies and immunotherapies have emerged, many of the treatment eventually fail. For example, a 30-40% failure rate has been reported for target therapy, and, even higher for immune checkpoint inhibitors. A reliable model to more accurately predict treatment response and survival is warranted. The radiomic features extracted from F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) can be used to figure tumor biology such as metabolome and heterogeneity. It can therefore be used to predict treatment response and individual survival. On the other hand, genomic data derived from next-generation sequencing (NGS) can interrogate the genetic alteration of cancer cells. It can be used to feature genetic identification of the tumor and can also be used to identify target genes. However, both modalities have their weakness; a combination of the two may devise a more powerful predictive model for more precise clinical decision. The investigators plan to recruit patients aged at least 20-year with the diagnosis of aerodigestive tract cancers for radiogenomic study. Our previous studies have found that radiomic features derived from 18F-FDG PET can predict treatment response and survival in patients with esophageal cancer treated with tri-modality method. The investigators also discovered that radiomics could predict survival in patients with EGFR-mutated lung adenocarcinoma treated with target therapy. In addition, our study results showed that the level of PD-L1 expression is associated with radiomics as well. The investigators plan to add genomic data into radiomics and interrogate cancers from different aspects. The investigators seek to devise a more precise model to predict the treatment response and survival in patients with aerodigestive tract cancers.

Start: August 2020
The PIONEER Initiative: Precision Insights On N-of-1 Ex Vivo Effectiveness Research Based on Individual Tumor Ownership (Precision Oncology)

The PIONEER Initiative stands for Precision Insights On N-of-1 Ex vivo Effectiveness Research. The PIONEER Initiative is designed to provide access to functional precision medicine to any cancer patient with any tumor at any medical facility. Tumor tissue is saved at time of biopsy or surgery in multiple formats, including fresh and cryopreserved as a living biospecimen. SpeciCare assists with access to clinical records in order to provide information back to the patient and the patient's clinical care team. The biospecimen tumor tissue is stored in a bio-storage facility and can be shipped anywhere the patient and the clinical team require for further testing. Additionally, the cryopreservation of the biospecimen allows for decisions about testing to be made at a later date. It also facilitates participation in clinical trials. The ability to return research information from this repository back to the patient is the primary end point of the study. The secondary end point is the subjective assessment by the patient and his or her physician as to the potential benefit that this additional information provides over standard of care. Overall the goal of PIONEER is to enable best in class functional precision testing of a patient's tumor tissue to help guide optimal therapy (to date this type of analysis includes organoid drug screening approaches in addition to traditional genomic profiling).

Start: March 2019