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58 active trials for Burns

Growth Hormone Therapy for Muscle Regeneration in Severely Burned Patients

The investigators have previously demonstrated that burn injury causes severe muscle wasting, weight and height retardation, and systemic protein catabolism in pediatric and adult burned patients. The persistent loss of muscle impairs the quality of life of the burned patients, and it also delays autonomy and reintegration into the community. In 2009, the investigators showed that the daily injection of recombinant human growth hormone (GH) for nine months post discharge significantly increased height and weight, as well as lean body mass, in pediatric burned subjects. Our long-term goal is to improve the quality of life of burn patients by preventing height, weight, and muscle loss that may occur from severe protein catabolism. The objectives of this application are to a) attenuate height and weight in burned patients with the administration of GH, b) prevent or reverse loss of muscle and strength in these patients, and c) collect pilot data about cardiopulmonary parameters, scar assessments, and muscle metabolism. Our central hypothesis is that the administration of GH will restore depleted levels of growth hormone and will lead to prevention of lean body mass loss and bone mineral content, improve rehabilitation, and accelerate reintegration of severely burned patients. The investigators will administer either placebo or GH (daily subcutaneous injections of 0.05 mg/kg/day of GH [somatropin, Genotropin, Pfizer, New York, NY] to adult burn subjects (n=31 per group, 18-85 years, >30% total body surface burns) for nine months beginning one week prior to discharge. Both groups will be studied for a total of two years. The following aims will be tested: 1) determine the effects of GH supplementation on body composition, such as lean body mass loss, muscle strength, and exercise endurance; and 2) assess whether rehabilitation and subsequent reintegration of severely burned patients into society can be accelerated. Investigators will measure changes in lean body mass, muscle strength and exercise endurance during the acute hospital stay, discharge, and long-term follow-up visits (6, 12, 18, and 24 months after burn), as well as secondary endpoints such as cardiopulmonary variables, hypertrophic scar development, quality of life questionnaires, and concentrations of relevant hormones, cytokines, and oxidative stress markers.

Start: November 2015
A Study of Plurogel® Compared to Standard Topical Dressing in Burn Injuries

Burn injuries can result in long term physical and mental sequelae, not only from the scarring but also the painful dressings. The standard of care today remains use of antibiotic topical dressings while awaiting demarcation of the burn depth, with surgical excision and grafting for deep partial thickness and full thickness areas. Demarcation can be appreciated on admission for full thickness burns but is often a prolonged process that can last weeks. The clinical evaluation of the depth of the burn is a complex decision that often is made more challenging by the presence of the proteinaceous pseudoeschar and the coagulated dermis itself. Surgical debridement is relatively 'coarse' and by its very nature requires removal of a thin layer of viable tissue to reach the level that is vascularized enough to support a skin graft. There has been growing interest in the use of adjuncts to reduce the amount tissue debrided and potentially reduce the need for surgery itself. Operatively, there have been some reports that use of hydro-dissection devices (Versajet™) may allow a more controlled debridement, resulting in less viable tissue being sacrificed. There is also a growing experience with enzymatic debridement, especially with Bromolein, derived from Pineapple (NexoBrid®). Neither of these have been shown to definitively improve care in randomized controlled trials, (RCTs) and there is suggestion that in some settings may actually cause harm.

Start: June 2021
Reducing Pain and Anxiety During Dressing Changes After Burn Surgery Using Virtual Reality

Burn injury and its treatment is an intensely painful experience. Most severely injured patients require numerous dressing changes and skin grafting procedures (removing skin from healthy part of the body and moving it to damaged area of the body). This procedure cause extensive pain and anxiety and many patients can become dependent on pain killers during their hospital stay and throughout rehabilitation. This can delay reintegration into society and increase the chance of opioid dependence. An effective pain management plan plays a large role in patient recovery. In addition to the physical pain experienced by these patients, burn injury is an intensely stressful and emotional life experience. This study will use a non-drug approach to reduce pain and extensive use of pain killers (opioids) during dressing changes. In particular, the study will use an immersive (allows to experience computer-generated environment as a real world) Virtual reality (VR) distraction tool during dressing change after skin graft surgery. Individuals who will decide to participate in this study will be asked to wear headgear to view immersive 360 videos specially designed by the study team. Before and after this exposure participants will be asked to complete a measurement of their anxiety level (VAS) and rate their pain. This study will help to determine if using VR as a distraction tool during painful dressing changes will reduce pain and anxiety, and therefore opioid medications requirements, and will rely on participants experience and adapt VR videos according to participants' response.

Start: March 2021
Simulation-Based Training on the Preparedness and Burden of Caregiver

Major burn injuries are serious traumas that cause physical and psychological problems. The acute period that begins with admission to the hospital is followed by a rehabilitation period that lasts for months or even years. The main goal in the acute care of the patient in hospital is to discharge the patient from the hospital as soon as possible, with the least morbidity, functional and cosmetic loss. The care of the patient in rehabilitation period continues at home, and the home care is provided by informal caregivers. Due to the physiological and psychological changes occurring in the patient with burns, the informal caregiver has important duties such as; helping with or doing feeding, wound care, personal care, organizing household chores, providing economic, medical and psychological support. So that, informal caregivers may experience lack of information and anxiety. Nurses should include the informal caregivers in discharge education to meet the information requirement of them, to prepare them for home care and to reduce anxiety of home care. The basis of discharge education is to help individual to cope with the problems related to the disease and to maintain individual care. Nurses, who play a key role in discharge education, have been keeping up with the change over the years and trying to maintain the effectiveness of education by various methods. The educational environment enriched with different technological tools and materials used in the field of education makes it easier to provide a change of behavior in the desired direction in the learner. A controlled and safe simulation environment ensures patient safety at all times, while ensuring that training is tailored specifically to the needs of the trained. Simulation gives caregivers an opportunity to manage stressful medical events in a risk-free environment, which allows healthcare providers to be involved in and manage the family's traditional education when it comes to caring and teaching families. When the literature on increasing the preparedness of the caregivers for care, and thus reducing the burden of care, no studies evaluating the simulation-based training for informal caregivers were found. This study was needed with the idea that simulation-based training, which is provided with a high fidelity of moulage, will help the caregiver to understand the burn care easily, to be ready for care and therefore to reduce the burden of care.

Start: February 2021
Novel Virtual Reality for Burn Wound Care Pain in Adolescents

Burn wounds cause intense, complex pain, and subsequent burn wound care causes further intense, episodic pain that is often unrelieved by opioid and non-opioid medications, resulting in under-treatment of pain. Further, opioid analgesics can have untoward side effects including respiratory depression, nausea, constipation, pruritus, drowsiness, lethargy, dependence, and induced hyperalgesia. As one of the most severe types of pain, burn wound care pain adds to the trauma pediatric patients already experience from the burn itself impacting quality of life with subsequent behavioral and maladaptive responses, such as agitation, anger, anxiety, hyperactivity, uncooperativeness, aggression, and dissociation. Lack of control over the procedure, pain memory, anxiety in anticipation of the repeated painful nature of the procedure, and transmission of clinician distress associated with inflicting procedural pain on the child contribute to the pain perceived. Virtual reality (VR) shows great promise as an engaging, interactive, effective non-pharmacologic intervention for various painful healthcare procedures, including burn wound care, therapies, and chronic pain conditions, despite equivocal findings, perhaps due to methodological issues. Designs of many studies of VR during burn wound care have been case studies or carefully controlled within-subject designs; sample sizes have been small. Recommendations for ongoing research include conducting more rigorous studies including randomized controlled trials (RCTs), repeat design studies, testing VR throughout the healthcare procedure, comparing VR to other distraction interventions; and using larger sample sizes. Primary Aim 1: Compare the effectiveness of age-appropriate, consumer available, high technology, interactive VR with standard care (SC) on adolescents' acute procedural pain intensity perception during burn wound care treatment in the ambulatory outpatient clinic setting.

Start: January 2018
Online Psychosocial Support for Young People With a Visible Difference: A Randomised Control Study

A visible difference can have a profound impact in a society with a massive emphasis on appearance and "looks". A vulnerable group is adolescents with a condition affecting their appearance as a result of injuries (burns, accidents), treatment (cancer), skin conditions or congenital anomalies (birthmarks, craniofacial conditions). Research has identified potential psychological difficulties, which, if not addressed, can lead to anxiety, depression, and eating disorders. In addition to medical treatment options, aiming at diminishing a difference that may be visible to others, young people with appearance concerns also need self-management skills. However, evidence-based interventions are scarce and specialised psychological treatment is difficult to reach. The Centre for Appearance Research (Bristol, UK) has developed an online intervention for adolescents, now translated into Norwegian (www.ungfaceit.no). UNG Face IT provides easy access to specialist advice and support via a home computer, using information, videos, and interactive activities. It provides advice, teaches coping and social skills, strengthening psychological adjustment to a visible difference. A systematic evaluation of the Norwegian version is needed. UNG Face IT could potentially address unmet needs, provide a cost-effective tool to reduce the need for "face-to-face" psychological and surgical/medical services, and contribute to make online health care available for young people with a visible difference.

Start: April 2016