300,000+ clinical trials. Find the right one.

16 active trials for Brain Tumors

Analysis of Data Collected From Individuals Administered Neurobehavioral Assessments

Background: People with chronic illness often are at risk for developing neurobehavioral problems due to effects of the disease or associated treatments. These problems may include cognitive impairments involving problem-solving, remembering things, paying attention, and understanding and using language, or emotional functioning or quality of life. The National Cancer Institute Medical Illness Counseling Center Neuropsychology Group has collected data from neurobehavioral evaluations of infants, children, adolescents and adults with chronic illnesses enrolled in NIH protocols since 1987 and continues to collect data from patients enrolled in current protocols. The data from these evaluations, along with demographic and medical information are stored in an NIH computer database. Investigating the neurobehavioral functioning of patients with chronic illness is important for identifying and monitoring the effects of the disease and treatments over time, determining possible at-risk subgroups, evaluating response to therapy, and recommending educational and rehabilitative interventions. Objectives: -To learn about how certain illnesses or treatments may affect a person s cognitive abilities, emotional functioning and quality of life. Eligibility: Patients currently enrolled in NIH studies who are having neuropsychological testing or completing quality-of-life questionnaires as part of that study. Data obtained from infants, children, adolescents, and adults administered neurobehavioral assessments as part of a past or future NIH protocol. Design: This study does not involve any extra tests or questionnaires; it uses information collected from evaluations that subjects have already completed or will complete as part of other NIH studies. Information about participating patients that may help elucidate how cognitive abilities, emotional functioning, and quality of life are affected in people with chronic illness may be collected and stored.

Start: March 2007
Understanding Communication in Healthcare to Achieve Trust (U-CHAT)

Honest, clear, and empathetic communication between pediatric oncologists (POs) and parents of children with cancer (POCCs) is imperative to facilitating therapeutic alliance and ensuring that medical management aligns with the families' goals of care. Communication is particularly important during conversations about disease reevaluation, which often necessitate parental decision-making in the context of emotional distress. POs employ a spectrum of communication styles and strategies during challenging conversations, and there is no consensus regarding linguistic or thematic metrics for high quality communication of upsetting information. In order to better understand how POs communicate difficult information to POCCs, the investigators propose a pilot study designed to accomplish the following primary aim: Primary Objective: To identify recurrent verbal and nonverbal (e.g. the use of pauses/silence) communication techniques employed by POs in the delivery of difficult prognostic information to POCCs through content analysis of audio-recorded conversations between POs and parents of children with high risk cancer at the time of disease reevaluation. The study expects to enroll up to: 80 patient participants, 80 parents, and 15 primary pediatric oncologists (total = 175). Non-primary oncologist members of the clinical care team, extended family members, or friends of the family may also participate, if they choose to do so.

Start: September 2016
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Neuro-Oncology Wellbeing

Background. Survivors of childhood brain tumours have the poorest health-related quality of life of all cancer survivors due to the multiple physical and psychological sequelae of brain tumours and their treatment. Remotely delivered Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) may be a suitable and accessible psychological intervention to support young people who have survived brain tumours. Aims. This study aims to assess the feasibility and acceptability of remotely delivered ACT to improve quality of life among young brain tumour survivors. Method. This study is a two-arm, parallel group, randomised controlled trial comparing ACT with waitlist control. Participants will be aged 11-24 years and survivors of brain tumours who have completed cancer treatment. Participants will be randomised to receive 12 weeks of ACT either immediately or after a 12-week wait. The durability of treatment effects will be assessed by further follow-up assessments at 24-, 36- and 48- weeks. The DNA-v model of ACT will be employed, which is a developmentally appropriate model for young people. Feasibility will be assessed using the proportion of those showing interest who consent to the trial and complete the intervention. A range of clinical outcome measures will also assess physical and mental health, everyday functioning, quality of life and service usage. Acceptability will be assessed using participant evaluations of the intervention, alongside qualitative interviews and treatment diaries analysed thematically. Discussion. This study will provide an initial assessment of the value of remotely delivered ACT in supporting recovery and coping for young people after brain tumour treatment.

Start: February 2021
Prospective Assessment of Quality of Life (QOL) in Pediatric Patients Treated With Radiation Therapy for Brain Tumors and Non-central Nervous System (Non-CNS) Malignancies

In recent years, remarkable advances in medical oncology, surgery, and radiology have allowed for increasing cure rates for childhood malignancies. This success has led to an emerging understanding of the kinds of effects that treatments can have on the pediatric population and how such effects can influence pediatric cancer survivor's functioning and quality of life. It has become tremendously important to assess the long-term complications due to therapy in this growing sector of survivors and to tailor our treatments so as to minimize these late effects. The Investigators at MGH are committed to improving the delivery of radiotherapy to our patients and improving the outcome for these patients. MGH has an on-site cyclotron for proton radiotherapy in order to provide the most advanced care for patients in need. Proton therapy possesses a clinical advantage over standard photon therapy in that its optimal dose distribution delivers the bulk of radiation to the tumor site. This method spares the greatest volume of normal tissue, resulting in decreased short-term and long-term morbidity. Through open pediatric protocols for patients treated with proton radiotherapy, the investigators aim to define and report the acute and late effects associated with treatment. The investigators also treat a number of patients off-protocol with both proton and photon radiotherapy, and are interested in reporting these patients' QOL outcomes in conjunction with other clinical data that may be pertinent to the site of tumor treatment. This research is significant in that it will allow us to delineate the positive and negative effects of radiation treatment on patients' QOL, highlighting points of success and exposing areas that are in need of improvement. Such knowledge will be used to improve the experience of pediatric cancer survivors in the future. The aims of this study are: 1) to prospectively collect and report the QOL outcomes in patients treated with radiotherapy and 2) to correlate the QOL data with pertinent clinical information.

Start: September 2005