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54 active trials for Brain Cancer

Convection-Enhanced Delivery of 124I-Omburtamab for Patients With Non-Progressive Diffuse Pontine Gliomas Previously Treated With External Beam Radiation Therapy

The purpose of this study is to test the safety of a new method to treat Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG). The researchers will use "convection-enhanced delivery" (CED) to deliver an agent called 124I-omburtamab. CED is performed during surgery. The study agent is infused through a small tube placed into the tumor in the brain. Many studies have shown this can safely be done in animals but this study is the first time 124I-omburtamab will be given by CED in humans. This will be one of the first times that CED has been performed in the brain stem. Omburtamab is something called an antibody. Antibodies are made by the body to fight infections and sometimes cancer. The antibody omburtamab is produced by mice and can attack many kinds of tumors. A radioactive substance, 124I-omburtamab, is attached to omburtamab. 124I-omburtamab sticks to parts of tumor cells and can cause the tumor cells to die from radiation. Studies have also been done on humans using 124I-omburtamab to treat other kinds of cancer. Our studies of some DPG and related tumors suggest that omburtamab will bind to the tumor, but the investigators don't know that for sure. In this study, the researchers want to find out how safe 124I-omburtamab given by CED is at different dose levels. They will look to see what effects (both good and bad) it has on the patient. The dose of 124I-omburtamab will increase for each new group of patients. The procedure has already been safely performed with lower doses and infusion volumes in a number of patients here at MSKCC. The amount they get will depend on when they enter the study. If too many serious side effects are seen with a certain dose, no one will be treated with a higher dose, and some more patients may be treated with a lower dose to make sure that dose is safe.

Start: December 2011
Evaluation of LY2606368 Therapy in Combination With Cyclophosphamide or Gemcitabine for Children and Adolescents With Refractory or Recurrent Group 3/Group 4 or SHH Medulloblastoma Brain Tumors

SJELIOT is a phase 1 trial that aims to explore the combination of prexasertib with established DNA-damaging agents used in medulloblastoma to evaluate tolerance and pharmacokinetics in recurrent or refractory disease. Additionally, a small expansion cohort will be incorporated into the trial at the combination MTD/RP2D (maximum tolerated dose/recommended phase two dose) to detect a preliminary efficacy signal. Stratum A: Prexasertib and Cyclophosphamide Primary Objectives To determine the safety and tolerability and estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD)/recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of combination treatment with prexasertib and cyclophosphamide in participants with recurrent/refractory Group 3 and Group 4 medulloblastoma and recurrent/refractory sonic hedgehog (SHH) medulloblastoma. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of prexasertib in combination with cyclophosphamide. Secondary Objectives To estimate the rate and duration of objective response and progression free survival (PFS) associated with prexasertib and cyclophosphamide treatment in this patient population. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide and metabolites. Stratum B: Prexasertib and Gemcitabine Primary Objectives To determine the safety and tolerability and estimate the MTD/RP2D of combination treatment with prexasertib and gemcitabine in participants with recurrent/refractory Group 3 and Group 4 medulloblastoma. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of prexasertib in combination with gemcitabine. Secondary Objectives To estimate the rate and duration of objective response and PFS associated with prexasertib and gemcitabine treatment in this patient population. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of gemcitabine and gemcitabine triphosphate (only at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital).

Start: August 2019
T-DM1 Alone Versus T-DM1 and Metronomic Temozolomide in Secondary Prevention of HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Brain Metastases Following Stereotactic Radiosurgery

Background: Sometimes breast cancer spreads (metastasizes) to the brain. Researchers want to study new treatments for brain metastases. The drug Temozolomide is approved to treat brain tumors. Researchers want to see if combining it with the drug T-DMI prevents the formation of new metastases in the brain. Objective: To study if Temozolomide with T-DM1 lowers the chance of having new metastases in the brain. Eligibility: Adults at least 18 years old with a HER2-positive breast cancer that has spread to the brain and was recently treated with stereotactic radiation or surgery. Design: Participants will be screened with Medical history Physical exam Heart tests A scan (CT) that makes a picture of the body using a small amount of radiation A scan (MRI) that uses a magnetic field to make an image of the brain Blood tests. Pregnancy test. The study will be done in 3-week cycles. All participants will get T-DM1 on Day 1 of every cycle through a small plastic tube inserted in an arm vein. Some participants will also take Temozolomide capsules by mouth every day. Participants will keep a medication diary. During the study, participants will also: Repeat most of the screening tests. Answer questions about their general well-being and functioning. Participants will have lumbar puncture at least 2 times. A needle is inserted into the spinal canal low in the back and cerebrospinal fluid is collected. This will be done with local anesthesia and with the help of images. Participants will be asked to provide tumor samples when available. Participants will have a follow-up visit about 1 month after stopping the study drug. They will be contacted by telephone or email every 3 months after that.

Start: April 2018
Controlling Coordination After Childhood Cerebellar Cancer, a Pilot Study

Posterior fossa tumours (PFT) account for 2/3 of childhood brain cancers. They can be highly malignant requiring combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy post-surgery for a >50% chance of cure. PFT frequently involve the cerebellum which is responsible for coordinating movement, balance, emotional control, and links closely to control of affect and executive function. PFT survivors show highly variable profiles for cognitive and sensorimotor functioning which are influenced strongly by the severity of the pre-diagnostic or post-surgical brain injury State-of-the-art magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans can allow to measure a variety of different biological processes in the brain, and the investigators believe that some of these MRI measures (called MRI biomarkers) have the potential to improve our ability to understand and monitor consequences of the ablative brain surgery and complex mechanisms of motor skills recovery. Biomarkers are very important for the development of intervention because 1) they help understand the recuperation process and 2) they allow to effectively assess whether or not a treatment or intervention works. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a powerful non-invasive neuro-modulatory intervention that has the potential to evaluate the integrity of the nervous tracts from the brain to the hand. It is a procedure that applies magnetic pulses on the surface of the scalp to reach underlying brain tissue. TMS has built a reputable status among neuro-rehabilitative research, and there is currently a major effort to translate the positive research findings into clinically useful therapeutic strategies. This study is therefore an important first step towards understanding how potential MRI biomarkers and responses to TMS relate to motor symptoms in PFT young survivors. Once completed, this study will allow the investigators to select the most promising MRI biomarkers and TMS protocols to take forward into future treatment trials. The investigators aim to stimulate the recovery of coordination skills, help the development of targeted therapies, and consequently improve long-term quality of life in children and young people with history of brain tumour. The proposed research intends to prove the feasibility of such brain stimulation and imaging and collect some preliminary measures

Start: May 2021
SJDAWN: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Phase 1 Study Evaluating Molecularly-Driven Doublet Therapies for Children and Young Adults With Recurrent Brain Tumors

Approximately 90% of children with malignant brain tumors that have recurred or relapsed after receiving conventional therapy will die of disease. Despite this terrible and frustrating outcome, continued treatment of this population remains fundamental to improving cure rates. Studying this relapsed population will help unearth clues to why conventional therapy fails and how cancers continue to resist modern advances. Moreover, improvements in the treatment of this relapsed population will lead to improvements in upfront therapy and reduce the chance of relapse for all. Novel therapy and, more importantly, novel approaches are sorely needed. This trial proposes a new approach that evaluates rational combination therapies of novel agents based on tumor type and molecular characteristics of these diseases. The investigators hypothesize that the use of two predictably active drugs (a doublet) will increase the chance of clinical efficacy. The purpose of this trial is to perform a limited dose escalation study of multiple doublets to evaluate the safety and tolerability of these combinations followed by a small expansion cohort to detect preliminary efficacy. In addition, a more extensive and robust molecular analysis of all the participant samples will be performed as part of the trial such that we can refine the molecular classification and better inform on potential response to therapy. In this manner the tolerability of combinations can be evaluated on a small but relevant population and the chance of detecting antitumor activity is potentially increased. Furthermore, the goal of the complementary molecular characterization will be to eventually match the therapy with better predictive biomarkers. PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and tolerability and estimate the maximum tolerated dose/recommended phase 2 dose (MTD/RP2D) of combination treatment by stratum. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of combination treatment by stratum. SECONDARY OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate and duration of objective response and progression free survival (PFS) by stratum.

Start: March 2018