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587 active trials for Atrial Fibrillation

Study to Gather Information About the Safety of Oral Anticoagulation Drugs and How Well These Drugs Work in Real World for Patients With Non-valvular Atrial Fibrillation (Irregularly Heart Beats Which is Not Caused by a Heart Valve Problem)

Oral anticoagulant (OAC) treatment with either vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) is essential in patients with atrial fibrillation for the prevention of stroke or systemic embolism (SE) a condition that happens when a blood clot forms elsewhere in the body and travels through the blood stream to plug another vessel. While there are significant number of real-world publications on the use and outcomes of NOACs for stroke prevention, evidence from routine clinical practice on the use and outcomes of reduced doses of NOACs is scarce. By evaluating routine clinical practice data from national registers in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, researchers want to gather information about the safety and how well reduced doses of NOACs work in patients with irregularly heartbeats which are not caused by a heart valve problem (non-valvular atrial fibrillation, NVAF). As a primary aim of this study, treatment with low doses of NOACs (Xarelto [generic name rivaroxaban], Eliquis [generic name apixaban] or Pradaxa [generic name dabigatran]) will be compared with VKAs (warfarin) in Nordic patients with NVAF to assess the occurrence of stroke and systemic embolism [effectiveness]) and intracranial hemorrhage a type of bleeding that occurs inside the skull [safety]).

Multiple LocationsStart: March 2020
Assessment of the Incidence of Hemorrhagic and Ischemic Events in Post-angioplasty in Anticoagulated Coronary Patients With Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a supraventricular arrhythmia characterized by uncoordinated and fast atrial activity, and coronary artery disease (chronic and acute coronary syndrome) is characterized by a generally atheromatous narrowing of the coronary arteries. Angioplasty is necessary to restore arterial circulation in coronary artery disease. A dual anti-aggregating therapy is then initiated in these patients in parallel with treatment of AF with anticoagulation. This triple therapy exposes the patient to an increased risk of hemorrhage. The combination of oral anticoagulation with antiplatelet inhibitor in long-term anticoagulated patients requiring stent placement has been studied in several recent trials (e.g. WOEST, PIONEER AF PCI, REDUAL PCI and AUGUSTUS). The results of these studies have formed the basis of the European recommendations of 2017 and 2020, whereby the therapeutic strategy depends on the risk of hemorrhage or ischemia. However, the hemorrhagic risk assessment factors included in the scores overlap with those for ischemic risk. It is therefore difficult to determine the predominant risk for each patient. Thus, uncertainties persist as to the optimal duration of a triple therapy and the optimal recommended dose. In this study, the investigators aim to establish an inventory of the current practices by evaluating the incidence of hemorrhagic and ischemic events in post-angioplasty in anticoagulated coronary patients in the context of atrial fibrillation.

NîmesStart: April 2021
Appropriate Duration of Anti-Platelet and Thrombotic Strategy After 12 Months in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Treated With Drug Eluting Stents

Atrial fibrillation patients with risk factors for stroke and systemic embolism require long-term anticoagulant therapy. Recently, non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) has shown their excellent safety and efficacy, and thus are widely accepted in clinical practice. Meanwhile, after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using the drug-eluting stents due to coronary artery disease, the administration of one or more antiplatelets is essential to prevent the recurrence of stent thrombosis and myocardial infarction. Combined administration of anticoagulants and antiplatelets significantly lowers the incidence of ischemic events such as stroke and myocardial infarction, however, it also significantly increases the likelihood of bleeding leading to hospitalization, and or even death, thereby significantly affecting the clinical course of the AF patients who underwent PCI. Nevertheless, due to the very high mortality rate of stent thrombosis, the current standard of care guidelines recommend triple therapy with anticoagulants and double antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients with atrial fibrillation for 1 month after coronary intervention, followed by co-administration of NOAC with single antiplatelet agent for 1 year. However, little is known after the optimal therapeutic strategy after 1 year. The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical results of single anticoagulant and clopidogrel combination therapy for maintenance therapy after 1 year in patients with atrial fibrillation.

SeoulStart: April 2020