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72 active trials for Acute Ischemic Stroke

A Safety and Efficacy Study of Intravenous (IV) Elezanumab Assessing Change in Neurologic Function in Adult Participants With Acute Ischemic Stroke

Stroke is one of the leading causes death and major functional disability worldwide. Treatment options for acute stroke are limited with many patients having residual neurologic impairment. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of elezanumab and assess change in neurologic function in participants following an acute ischemic stroke. Elezanumab is an investigational drug being developed for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. This 52-week study is "double-blinded', which means that neither the participants nor the study doctors will know who will be given elezanumab and who will be given placebo (does not contain treatment drug). Participants will be assigned to one of two groups, called treatment arms. Participants in one arm will receive elezanumab and participants in the other arm will receive placebo. There is a 1 in 2 chance that participants will be assigned to placebo. Approximately 80 subjects will be enrolled in 30 sites worldwide. Participants will receive elezanumab or placebo by intravenous (IV) infusion within 24 hours of "last known normal" (time when the participant was last known to be without signs and symptoms of the current stroke) and every 4 weeks thereafter for 48 weeks for a total of 13 doses. There will be a higher treatment burden for participants in this trial compared to their standard of care. Participants will attend regular visits during the course of the study at a hospital or clinic. The effect of elezanumab will be checked by medical assessments, blood tests, evaluation of side effects, and completion of questionnaires.

Start: November 2020
Comparing Between CO2 and Phenylephrine Treatment in Patients With Progressive Lacunar Infarction (CARBOGEN Study)

Lacunar infarction is an ischemic stroke occurred by small perforating artery occlusion . Twenty percent of ischemic stroke is lacunar infarction. However, outcome of lacunar infarction is excellent, about 20-40% patients are suffered neurological worsening. Progressive lacunar infarction is associated poor functional outcome and neurological deficit. Currently, no treatment for progressive lacunar infarction is recommended on the guideline. Several small study reported that phenylephrine and magnesium may be helpful for progressive lacunar infarction. Carbogen is a mixture of 5% CO2 with 95% O2. Carbogen is safe and it is used for the treatment of sudden sensory neural hearing loss or ocular ischemia. CO2 dilate cerebral arteriole and concentration of CO2 is correlated with cerebral blood flow. Lacunar infarction is small and perfused with marginal flow by neighboring perforating arteriole. Increased cerebral blood flow following dilation of cerebral arteriole by CO2 might halt and revert progressive lacunar infarction. Induced hypertension is alternative treatment of progressive lacunar infarction. Increasing blood pressure also induce cerebral blood flow. Phenylephrine is an ?1 agonist, phenylephrine act on peripheral artery and little effect on cerebral artery or heart. Several studies reported that the effectiveness of phenylephrine on progressing stroke. Therefore, this study will compare the effectiveness of carbogen versus phenylephrine in lacunar infarction patients who suffered neurological worsening.

Start: April 2021
Endovascular Treatment and RIPC in Acute Ischemic Stroke

Endovascular treatment?ET?is an effective therapy for acute ischemic stroke(AIS) with great vessel obstruction. However, acute complications such as high postoperative perfusion injury, hemorrhagic transformation and restenosis resulted in functional independence in only about 50% of patients 90 days after interventional surgery. Therefore, it is very important to protect the neurologic function after emergency endovascular treatment. The investigators' previous studies have shown that combined with intravenous thrombolytic therapy and remote postconditioning?RIPC?can significantly improve the neurological impairment and short-term and long-term prognosis in patients with acute stroke. In this multicenter, randomized controlled trial, the investigators assumed patients with acute ischemic stroke who had successfully revascularization after ET might benefit from RIPC as well. Patients in the RIPC group had five cycles of 5-min cuff inflation followed by 3-min deflation to the bilateral upper arm after ET. The primary endpoint measure was the proportion of patients with a favorable recovery of nerve function deficient assessed by Modified Rankin Scale ?mRS?2? 90 days after surgery. Secondary endpoints included the following: (1) Symptom endpoints: Neurological intelligence and function scores, postoperative hemorrhagic transformation rate, etc. (2) Blood index test: postoperative inflammatory factors, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and other indicators. (3) Imaging endpoints: MRI-FLAIR , TCD, etc.

Start: April 2021
Cytokine Registry Database of Stroke Patients

Various molecules (cytokines: interleukins, interferons and neural proteins) found in human and animal blood are reported to be elevated in acute stroke (Ischemic and hemorrhagic). Cytokines can be pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory. There are studies confirming level changes in serum of humans in the setting of several rheumatologic and cardiovascular diseases. As new molecular markers (cytokines and neural tissue markers) are established in scientific literature, stroke scientists are interested to evaluate the role of these in the pathophysiology of stroke. Investigators intend to study the role of these molecules in the development of stroke. Acute stroke treatment has advanced considerably in the last 10 years with the establishment of comprehensive stroke centers and approval of neuro-interventional techniques. However, the molecular advancement in stroke pathogenesis has yet to reach a milestone in the world of stroke treatment. In our opinion, creating a database of acute stroke patients containing all pertinent medical demographics and clinical information along with the laboratory data, molecular levels of pertinent cytokines/neural factors from consenting patients, will help us define and delineate the most relevant molecules that are altered in acute stroke patients and can help us further improve us understanding of the role of these in acute stroke and thereby hopefully help in the improvement of our understanding and management of stroke. Moreover, analyzing the cytokines in stroke and ICH patients would help understand their role in the acute phase, which may become potential therapeutic adjuncts for tPA and endovascular thrombectomy.

Start: May 2019
Blood And Clot Thrombectomy Registry And Collaboration

This is a prospective open enrollment registry to evaluate arterial blood and thrombus removed during the standard thrombectomy procedure, which will then be used for the purposes of identifying biological markers, inflammatory cell infiltrates, and biological states in large vessel occlusive stroke in the human condition. The primary objectives are to evaluate the feasibility of obtaining distal clot blood during thrombectomy; develop a group of biosamples (blood and clots) to evaluate novel proteins, cell types, and cytokines in acute ischemic stroke in the human condition, and evaluate specific biomarkers, proteins, and leukocyte populations in stroke in the human condition. The study population will include up to 250 subjects. Male and female participants 18 years of age and older will be enrolled. Participants must have had a suspected acute ischemic stroke based on clinical and radiographic evidence as determined and documented by the Stroke Neurology team at University of Kentucky. There is no therapeutic intervention involved in this study. This is the first study to our knowledge that will utilize thrombectomy technique to collect focal blood samples and the clot related brain infarction. This proposal will provide preliminary data needed to understand relationships between the local inflammatory cascade and clinical variables such as age, gender, time from symptoms to thrombectomy, and stroke imaging results. Characterizing these relationships is vital in the formulation of related therapeutics. Issues of gender-differences, age-based variations, and co-morbidities all engender heterogeneity, which plague translation of stroke research from animal to human. By starting with the human condition, the investigators aim to minimize this loss in translation. Overall, this study will have a great impact on our knowledge of stroke pathology. In essence, this could fundamentally change not only how the investigators develop treatment strategies for the stroke patient population but allow us to individualize the treatment dependent on time after stroke, age, sex, and co-morbidities. Molecular techniques that are impractical when delivered systemically could be delivered locally to impede the early inflammation.

Start: May 2017