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89 active trials for Ventricular Tachycardia

Observational and Diagnostical Study on Transient Allostatic Responses of Thyroid Function After Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Time-limited adaptive responses of thyroid function are common in the critically ill. About 70% of all patients treated on intensive care units develop a so-called non-thyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) or TACITUS (thyroid allostasis in critical illness, tumours, uraemia and starvation), which is marked by low serum concentrations of the thyroid hormone T3 and other adaptive reactions of thyroid homeostasis. Occasionally, temporarily elevated concentrations of thyrotropin (TSH) and peripheral thyroid hormones are to be observed, especially after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). However, the available evidence is limited, although abnormal concentrations of thyroid hormones after CPR have occasionally been reported. Aim of the planned study is to investigate the thyrotropic (i.e. thyroid-controlling) partial function of the anterior pituitary lobe immediately after CPR. It is intended to evaluate statistical measures of TSH concentration and peripheral thyroid hormones in de-identified datasets (protocol A). Additionally, a prospective sub-study (protocol B) aims at a more precise description of pituitary and thyroid responses by means of serial investigations in routine serum samples, both immediately after CPR and during the course of ongoing treatment. This includes the evaluation of additional possible predictors, too. Primary endpoint of the study is changed TSH concentration immediately after CPR compared to the TSH value 24 hours later. Secondary endpoint is the relation between thyroid-controlling pituitary function and mortality. A high proportion of patients undergoing CPR will eventually receive iodinated radiocontrast media (e.g. for computed tomography or coronary angiography). This is one of the reasons why early identifying subjects at high risk for possible iodine-induced thyrotoxicosis is important. Increased oxygen consumption of the heart in hyperthyroidism is one of the reasons for high mortality in thyrotoxicosis. Therefore, accurate diagnosis of alterations in the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis is of paramount importance.

Bochum, NRWStart: May 2021
Cohort Study - SBRT for VT Radioablation

Ventricular tachycardia (VT) contributes to over 350,000 sudden deaths each year in the US. Malignant VTs involve an electrical "short circuit" in the heart, formed by narrow channels of surviving tissue inside myocardial scar. Current treatment for VT consists of either implantable defibrillators (ICDs), suppressive drug therapy, catheter ablation or a combination of all 3. Implantable Defibrillators (ICDs) reduce sudden death and can terminate some ventricular tachycardia (VT) without shocks, but they don't prevent VT. The occurrence of ≥1 ICD shock is associated with reductions in mental well-being and physical functioning, and increases in anxiety and sometimes depression. Further, ICD shocks have been consistently associated with adverse outcomes, including heart failure and death. Furthermore, the most important predictor of ICD shocks is a history of prior ICD shocks. Therapies to suppress VT include antiarrhythmic drug therapy and catheter ablation, neither however is universally effective. When VT recurs despite antiarrhythmic drug therapy and catheter ablation, novel yet invasive, approaches may be required. Such invasive procedures carry consequent risks of cardiac and extra-cardiac injury. Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is a non-invasive technique that delivers high doses of radiation precisely to specified regions in the body, while minimizing exposure to adjacent tissue. This technique is currently, and commonly used in the treatment of cancer. Conventional application of SBRT has made use of its ability to spare non-target tissue, including for treatment of tumors near the heart. More recently, clinicians have changed the paradigm, by focusing radioablative energy on ventricular scar responsible for ventricular tachycardia. Pre-clinical studies have supported the concept and were followed by first-in-human VT therapeutic experience in 2017. Subsequent studies have had encouraging results for patients who failed or were unable to tolerate conventional treatment.

Halifax, Nova ScotiaStart: June 2021