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1,318 active trials for Prostate Cancer

Precision-Based Genomics in Prostate Cancer

Background: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer and the second leading cause of death in males in the United States. Researchers want to find additional gene mutations that may increase a man s risk for prostate cancer and may affect how aggressive the disease is. Objective: To look at gene mutations in men with prostate cancer as well as the course of their disease to better understand how gene mutations relate to the way the cancer progresses and responds to treatment. Eligibility: Adult males 18 and older with prostate cancer who have at least one of the gene mutations researchers want to study and/or have been treated for their cancer and have had complete elimination of their cancer or stable disease for a long time. Design: Participants will be screened with a review of their medical records. Their gene test results will be reviewed, if available. They will be asked questions over the phone or in person. Participants do not need to visit the NIH for this study. But if they visit NIH for another study, their data and test results will be collected. They may give blood and urine samples. They may give leftover tumor samples. These samples will be used to study their genes. Participants who do not come to NIH on regular basis will be contacted every 6 months by phone or e-mail. They will be asked questions about their health. Data from their medical records will be collected. Participants will have testosterone and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests. Participants may be invited to NIH to give blood samples for research. Participants on this study will be followed for life....

Los Angeles, CaliforniaStart: September 2021
Pilot Study to Investigate Magnetic Resonance (MR) Image Guided Focal Therapy in Prostate Cancer

Background: The ability to treat early prostate cancer is still limited. Thermal ablation methods are being tested for focal prostate cancer therapy. Researchers want to improve on these methods. Objective: To understand if Transurethral UltraSound Ablation (TULSA) in combination with MRI guidance is useful to treat localized prostate cancer. Eligibility: English-speaking adults ages 18 and older with localized prostate cancer that can be seen on MRI and can be treated by thermal ablation. Design: Participants will be screened with the following: Medical history Physical exam Digital rectal exam Blood and urine tests Electrocardiogram Tumor biopsy Questionnaire to assess urinary tract symptoms MRI of the pelvis. The MRI scanner is a long, narrow tube. Participants will lie on a bed that moves in and out of the scanner. Participants may also be screened with the following: Echocardiogram Chest x-ray Bone scan Urodynamic studies to see how well the bladder, sphincters, and urethra hold and release urine MRI of the brain Transrectal ultrasound Computer tomography (CT) scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis. A CT scan is a series of x-ray images taken of parts of the body. Some screening tests will be repeated during the study. Participants will have the TULSA procedure. They will have an MRI for guidance. A small ultrasound applicator will be placed into their urethra. It uses heat to destroy the cancer areas in the prostate. It is controlled by a robotic arm. A cooling catheter will be placed into their rectum. Participants will use a urethral catheter for 1-7 days. Participants will have follow-up visits at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months.

Bethesda, MarylandStart: September 2021
Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Prostate to Assess Disease Progression and Genomics in Patients Undergoing Active Surveillance for Prostate Cancer

Background: Active surveillance (AS) is a standard approach to treat low and intermediate risk prostate cancer. For AS, disease progression is monitored. AS uses biopsies, prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood tests, and other tools. Researchers want to see if multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) can help improve AS. Objective: To see if mpMRI can improve how people are monitored during AS. Eligibility: Men age 18 and older who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer within the last 2 years. Design: Participants will undergo AS. Their PSA level will be checked once a year via blood test. They will have a digital rectal exam once a year. Participants will have biopsies every 2-3 years. Needles will be put into different parts of the prostate. The needles are guided by ultrasound imaging. Participants will also have targeted biopsies with mpMRI and MRI guided fusion (MRI-US fusion). MRI-US fusion combines previous MRI images with live ultrasound images. For MRIs, participants will lie on their stomach on the scanner table. A coil may be placed in the rectum. Participants will have a physical exam and medical record review at least every 3 years. Their weight and vital signs will be checked. They will give data about their daily activities, side effects, and symptoms. Every 2-3 years, participants will fill out surveys about their prostate health and quality of life. Participants may give blood, urine, prostate secretion, and saliva samples. The samples will be used for research. Participation will last for as long as the participant does not need actual treatment for his prostate cancer....

Bethesda, MarylandStart: September 2021
Mobile Sensor Technologies to Assess General Symptomology of People With Cancer

Background: Many digital devices, such as smartphones and activity monitors, have sensors to collect and track health data. Researchers believe these devices may be able to transform the quality of clinical research and healthcare. They believe they may be able to help assess the symptoms, response to therapy, and quality of life of people with cancer. Objective: To collect data from people with cancer using an Apple iPhone alone or together with an Apple Watch in order to assess their symptoms and activity levels. Eligibility: People ages 18 years and over who have cancer and receiving treatment for their cancer in another NIH protocol Design: Participants will be screened with their medical records. Participants will have a baseline visit. They will have visits every 2 4 weeks based on the treatment protocol in which they are co-enrolled. Then they will have a follow-up visit 4 months after the baseline visit. Visits include: Medical history Physical exam Karnofsky Performance Scale/Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status to see how their disease affects daily activities The study team will use an iPhone to collect data. This includes a 6-minute walk test and tests of hearing, reaction time, and cognitive status. Questionnaires If participants have an iPhone, an Apple Watch will be provided to them after training at the baseline visit. Continuous measurement of their activity will be recorded by the watch between 2 visits. They will wear the watch while they are on study. They will wear the watch while it is not being charged. They should charge the watch at night time. They will have the watch for 4 months.

Bethesda, MarylandStart: October 2020