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Study on the Safety of BAY1817080, How it is Tolerated and the Way the Body Absorbs, Distributes and Gets Rid of the Study Drug in Participants With Impaired Liver Function or Normal Liver Function

BAY1817080 is currently under clinical development to treat pain related to unexplained chronic cough or chronic cough not affected by a treatment (refractory and/or unexplained chronic cough, RUCC), or a condition where the bladder is unable to hold urine normally (overactive bladder, OAB) or a condition in which tissue similar to the tissue that normally lines the inside of the womb grows outside the womb (endometriosis). In this study researchers want to learn more about the safety of BAY1817080, how it is tolerated and the way the body absorbs, distributes and gets rid of the study dug given as tablet in participants with mild, moderate or severe hepatic impairment and participants with normal liver function matched for age-, gender-, weight and race. The study will enroll 36 male and female participants in the age between 18 and 79 years. Participants with mild or moderate hepatic impairment and the matching participants will take multiple oral doses of study drug depending on the study plan. Participants with severe hepatic impairment and the matching participants will take a single oral dose of study drug during the study. Data from this study will provide researcher important information for further development of the study drug in particular on dose recommendation for patients with hepatic impairment.

Orlando, FloridaStart: July 2020
Home Blood Pressure Monitoring Before and After COVID-19 Vaccination in Patients at High Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

The coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 causing COVID-19 was pandemic since 2020. Vaccination is one of the most important measure to control the outbreak. The countries of the world started the vaccination since December, 2020. Taiwan started since March, 21st, 2021. Currently, Taiwanese people receive COVID-19 vaccination by either AZ or Moderna; Pfizer/BNT vaccine may import in the near future. The side effects post vaccination including injection site pain, fatigue, headache, myalgia, chills, arthralgia, fever, and so on. Incidence of side effects more frequent in young people than elders; more frequent in the first dose than second dose in AZ vaccine; more frequent in the second dose in Moderna or Pfizer/BNT vaccine. Taiwan V-watch is a system monitored by CDC for people proactive notification of side effects post COVID-19 vaccination. But it doesn't include the objective cardiovascular parameters, for example, heart rate, arrhythmia, blood pressure, central body temperature (ear temperature) and blood oxygen saturation level. This study aims to monitor the physiologic and psychologic effects, and side effects before and after COVID-19 vaccination in patients at high cardiovascular risk, including hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and type 2 diabetes, and arrhythmia or coronary artery disease. The investigators arrange two weeks of continuous home BP/HR monitoring (7 days pre- and post-vaccination) for evaluation of physiologic effects post vaccination. Due to fever noted in some people post-vaccination, the investigators also measure ear temperature, pulse oximetry, and environmental temperature and humidity, for the reference of BP monitoring. In conclusion, this study may provide important information of cardiovascular response and psychosocial effects after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination for proactive prevention of cardiovascular complications.

Taipei, Chung-ShanStart: September 2021
Personalized Feedback Intervention for Alcohol and Opioid Use Among Adults With Chronic Pain

Over one-quarter of American adults engage in hazardous drinking (i.e., a pattern of alcohol consumption that increases risk for harmful consequences), which is the third leading cause of preventable death in the U.S. Rates of hazardous drinking are significantly higher among individuals with (vs. without) chronic pain. Moreover, 20% of individuals prescribed opioids endorse concurrent alcohol and opioid use, which may interfere with chronic pain treatment and lead to dangerous/potentially fatal health effects. No interventions to date have targeted either hazardous drinking or concurrent use of alcohol and opioids in the context of chronic pain. The current four-year R01 builds upon our past work by developing a brief, single-session, computer-based, personalized feedback intervention (PFI) designed to enhance knowledge regarding adverse pain-alcohol-opioid interrelations, increase motivation and intention to reduce hazardous drinking, and reduce positive attitudes and intention regarding concurrent use of alcohol and prescription opioid medications. Specifically, we will develop an integrated PFI for hazardous drinkers with chronic pain who are prescribed opioids (PA-PFI). Our approach will follow a staged model consistent with NIH guidelines for developing and standardizing behavioral interventions. Phase IA activities will involve collecting qualitative and quantitative feedback from three iterative focus groups (N = 21) to refine intervention content and evaluate treatment acceptability and feasibility. Phase IB activities will include a proof-of-concept and highly rigorous randomized clinical trial designed to compare PA-PFI to control PFI (C-PFI) among a sample of 174 hazardous drinkers with chronic pain who are currently prescribed opioid medications. This study represents an important and pivotal step in the larger landscape of translating basic research to more efficacious strategies for reducing hazardous drinking among underserved populations with medical comorbidities. This intervention would be highly disseminable and relevant to millions of hazardous drinkers with chronic pain. Given the collective public health impact of chronic pain, hazardous drinking, and concurrent alcohol-prescription opioid use, we believe the current study will yield findings that enhance scientific knowledge, enhance our understanding of mechanisms in reciprocal pain-alcohol-opioid relations, and inform the development of novel treatments for hazardous drinkers with chronic pain that are adaptable and easily implemented across a variety of healthcare settings.

Syracuse, New YorkStart: August 2021