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74 active trials for Skin Cancer

Prospective Randomized Study of Cell Transfer Therapy for Metastatic Melanoma Using Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes Plus IL-2 Following Non-Myeloablative Lymphocyte Depleting Chemo Regimen Alone or in Conjunction With 12Gy Total Body Irradiation (TBI...

Background: - An experimental treatment for metastatic melanoma involves cell therapy, in which researchers take white blood cells (lymphocytes) from the tumor tissue, grow them in the laboratory in large numbers, and then use the cells to attack the tumor tissue. Before receiving the cells, chemotherapy is needed to temporarily suppress the immune system to improve the chances that the tumor-fighting cells will be able to survive in the body. In some studies of cell therapy, individuals who have received total body irradiation (TBI) in addition to the chemotherapy (in order to increase the length of time that they do not produce white blood cells) seem to have a slightly better response to the treatment, but it is not known if adding radiation to the cell therapy will cause a better response for all individuals. Researchers are interested in comparing cell therapy given with the usual chemotherapy to cell therapy given with the usual chemotherapy and TBI. Objectives: - To compare the effectiveness of cell therapy given with chemotherapy to cell therapy given with chemotherapy and total body irradiation in individuals with metastatic melanoma. Eligibility: - Individuals at least 18 years of age who have been diagnosed with metastatic melanoma. Design: Participants will be screened with a physical examination, medical history, blood tests, and tumor imaging studies. Participants will be divided into two groups: cell therapy with chemotherapy alone (group 1) or cell therapy with chemotherapy plus TBI (group 2). All participants will provide a tumor sample from either surgery or a tumor biopsy for white blood cell collection. Participants will have leukapheresis to collect additional white blood cells for cell growth and future testing, and TBI group participants will also provide stem cells to help them recover after radiation. (TBI participants who cannot provide enough stem cells will be moved to the non-radiation treatment group.) Participants will have chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide (two treatments over 2 days) and fludarabine (five treatments over 5 days) starting 7 days before the cell therapy. Participants in the TBI group will also have TBI for the 3 days immediately before the cell therapy. All participants will receive the white blood cells, followed by high-dose aldesleukin every 8 hours for up to 5 days after the cell infusion to help keep the therapy cells alive and active. Participants will also have injections of filgrastim to stimulate blood cell production, and participants in the TBI group will also receive their stem cells. Participants will take an antibiotic for at least 6 months after treatment to prevent pneumonia, and will be asked to return for regular monitoring and followup visits for at least 5 years to evaluate the tumor s response to treatment....

Bethesda, MarylandStart: March 2011
Phase I/II Study to Evaluate the Safety and Tolerability of LiPlaCis in Patients With Advanced or Refractory Tumours

Liposomal formulations are frequently used today in the treatment of cancer. LiPlaCis is the first targeted liposomal formulation with a tumour triggered release mechanism to undergo clinical development in oncology and it is expected that LiPlaCis will improve the therapeutic index of cisplatin compared to conventional cisplatin. Cisplatin is one of the most widely used drugs in the treatment of cancer due to its documented efficacy in a number of tumour types. Furthermore, it seems highly likely that cisplatin will remain an important drug in the future treatment of cancer. However, the drug is associated with a number of serious toxicities that complicates or necessitates discontinuation of therapy - e.g. need for pre-hydration, neurotoxicity, nausea and vomiting. Thus, there is a well-established need for improving cisplatin therapy in cancer patients. One option here is improving the formulation of the drug, so that a more selective up-take of cisplatin administered takes place at the tumour sites. Based on the results of the pre-clinical studies of LiPlaCis, it seems clear that LiPlaCis offers the potential to improve cisplatin therapy to the benefits of cancer patients. In a prematurely stopped Phase I Dutch study a Recommended Dose (RD) for a Phase II study was never reached which was the aim of the finished Phase I dose escalating part of this study for advanced or refractory solid tumors. In the Phase 2 part of this study, patients with advanced breast cancer with a biopsy examination showing a pattern compatible with sensitivity to LiPlaCis or patients with skin cancer will be included.

HillerodStart: April 2013
Utility of Digital Dermoscopy in the Skin Cancer Clinic

This feasibility study aims to evaluate the use of the BARCO NV digital dermatoscope (non-CE marked device) in the skin cancer clinic. All eligible patients attending the Dermatology outpatient skin cancer clinic will be invited to participate. Patients who consent to the study will undergo standard care which will include medical photography of skin lesion(s) and appropriate management as determined by the Consultant Dermatologist in clinic. In addition to standard care, patients will undergo photography of the same lesion(s) using the BARCO NV digital dermatoscope. There will be no other intervention and no additional hospital visits in relation to the study. Use of the device will not influence the clinical management of the patient. A detailed experience questionnaire will be administered to all clinicians using the BARCO device to explore their opinion on its ease of use and features. All standard macroscopic & dermoscopic images will be taken by OUH medical illustration department and stored on the 'Fotoweb' database (in keeping with current standard practice). Trained Dermatology Consultants, Dermatology Registrars, Research nurses or Medical Photographers, will take BARCO NV device images. A database of all BARCO images will be collected and stored on a dedicated NHS computer separate from the patient clinical record. Standard medical photography images will be stored on Fotoweb as per standard NHS clinical care. Data will be anonymised and collated and then sent securely to BARCO for further analyses to enable optimization of the BARCO device and for development of diagnostic algorithms in the future.

OxfordStart: July 2018