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31 active trials for Nephrotic Syndrome

Reduce Immunosuppression With Atmp in NS ChildrEn

A phase II open-label, single arm study aimed to ascertain whether infusions of cord-blood mesenchymal stromal cells (CB-MSCs) allow to reduce or suspend the chronic immunosuppressive therapy (IS) in steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS). We plan to enroll 11 patients aged 3 to 18 with SDNS in remission for at least one month, maintained by either ≥2 immunosuppressive drugs or a calcineurin inhibitor. Patients are infused with cord-blood allogenic MSC, selected by in-vitro alloreactivity, at a dose of 1.5x10^6/kg on days 0, 14, 21. The immunosuppressive treatment is gradually tapered starting at the first CB-MSC administration, according to the following scheme: 25% following the first administration, 50% following the second administration, and 100% reduction following the third administration. All patients will be followed-up for 6 months from the last CB-MSC. Study visits are planned at baseline during CB-MSC administrations, 2 weeks (follow-up [FU]1) and 6 weeks (FU2) after the last infusion, and then every 6 weeks. During follow-up, the patients undergo a physical examination (including measurement of height, weight and blood pressure) and laboratory evaluations (urinary protein:urinary creatinine ratio, complete blood count, kidney function, plasma proteins, liver function, triglycerides and cholesterol). In addition, a blood sample is taken for regulatory T lymphocyte quantification, a marker of clinical response to the infusions.

Milan, MIStart: October 2018
Belimumab With Rituximab for Primary Membranous Nephropathy

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of belimumab and intravenous rituximab co-administration at inducing a complete remission (CR) compared to rituximab alone in participants with PM. Background: Primary membranous nephropathy (MN) is among the most common causes of nephrotic syndrome in adults. MN affects individuals of all ages and races. The peak incidence of MN is in the fifth decade of life. Primary MN is recognized to be an autoimmune disease, a disease where the body's own immune system causes damage to kidneys. This damage can cause the loss of too much protein in the urine. Drugs used to treat MN aim to reduce the attack by one's own immune system on the kidneys by blocking inflammation and reducing the immune system's function. These drugs can have serious side effects and often do not cure the disease. There is a need for new treatments for MN that are better at improving the disease while reducing fewer treatment associated side effects. In this study, researchers will evaluate if treatment with a combination of two different drugs, belimumab and rituximab, is effective at blocking the immune attacks on the kidney compared to rituximab alone. Rituximab works by decreasing a type of immune cell, called B cells. B cells are known to have a role in MN. Once these cells are removed, disease may become less active or even inactive. However, after stopping treatment, the body will make new B cells which may cause disease to become active again. Belimumab works by decreasing the new B cells produced by the body and, may even change the type of new B cells subsequently produced. Belimumab is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat systemic lupus erythematosus (also referred to as lupus or SLE). Rituximab is approved by the FDA to treat some types of cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and vasculitis. Neither rituximab nor belimumab is approved by the FDA to treat MN. Treatment with a combination of belimumab and rituximab has not been studied in individuals with MN, but it is currently being tested in other autoimmune diseases, including lupus nephritis and Sjögren's syndrome.

Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaStart: October 2019
RItuximab From the FIRst Episode of Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome

Minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) is an acquired glomerular disease characterized by massive proteinuria occurring in the absence of glomerular inflammatory lesions or immunoglobulin deposits. MCNS represents a frequent cause of nephrotic syndrome (NS) in adults (10% to 25% of cases). The disease typically takes a chronic course characterized by frequent relapses. Until now, exclusive oral steroid therapy at the dose of 1mg/kg/day (max 80 mg/day) for a minimum of 4 weeks and a maximum of 16 weeks (as tolerated) constitutes the first line treatment of adults with MCNS. Despite of successful remission of initial episode, previous case series showed that 56%-76% of patients experience at least one relapse after steroid-induced remission. The recent MSN trial prospectively showed that 57.9% and 70% of adult patients were in complete remission (CR) after 4 and 8 weeks of oral steroids therapy (1mg/kg/day). Among them, 23.1% of patients displayed at least one relapse episode (after one year-follow-up). Although well tolerated, side effects are common in patients with prolonged and/or repeated courses of steroids and alternative regimens seem highly suitable to reduce the risk of subsequent relapse. Rituximab has recently emerged as a promising therapeutic option in patients with steroids dependent-MCNS. In a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in children with frequent relapse or with steroid dependent NS, the authors found that the median relapse free period was significantly longer in the Rituximab group than in the placebo group without significant differences concerning serious adverse events. To our knowledge, its use has never been investigated for the initial episode of MCNS with the aim to reduce the subsequent risk of relapse that is a major concern in the management of MCNS patients. The main objective is to demonstrate, from initial episode of MCNS in adults, once complete remission has occurred, that the use of Rituximab (two injections separated by one week 375mg/m2, with definitive steroids withdrawal after 9 weeks of treatment) may reduce the risk of subsequent MCNS relapse after 12 months of follow-up and may be a safe and an efficient treatment regimen. The study will be a single stage phase IIb, randomized, open-label, parallel group, in a 1:1 ratio, active controlled, multicenter trial testing the efficacy and safety of two injections of Rituximab separated by one week 375mg/m2 from initial episode of biopsy-proven MCNS in adults. Since Rituximab therapy (when initiated in a context of steroid dependency MCNS) seems to be more effective in patients with complete remission and because of recent data from MSN trial showing that 70% of patients were in complete remission of nephrotic syndrome after 8 weeks of steroids, we decided to maximize the potential benefit, to perform randomization of patients after 8 weeks of steroid treatment. A potential risk factor of relapse is the time of CR occurrence, and because some patients reach CR at 4 weeks and others at 8 weeks, a randomization (1:1) with minimization strategy will be done in order to balance this factor between arms. The primary endpoint will be the incidence of MCNS relapse during the 12 months following randomization defined by the recurrence of nephrotic syndrome (urine protein/creatinine ratio (UPCR) ≥ 300mg/mmol and decreased albumin level (< 30 g/L) in a patient who was in complete remission. Rituximab is currently considered as an effective therapeutic option to maintain remission in patients with frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS) or steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS). The goal of this prospective study is to determine the potential interest of the use of Rituximab from the initial episode of MCNS to reduce the risk of subsequent relapse, that is a major concern in the management of MCNS patients.

CréteilStart: July 2020