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148 active trials for Neuroblastoma

Phase 2 Study of Bintrafusp Alfa in Recurrent/Metastatic Olfactory Neuroblastoma (BARON).

Background: Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is a rare cancer of the nasal cavity. At diagnosis, it is usually locally advanced. It tends to spread to the neck. Sometimes it spreads to the lungs and bones. Researchers want to find a better way to treat it. Objective: To learn if giving immunotherapy drug bintrafusp alfa can help ONB shrink or disappear. Eligibility: People aged 18 years and older diagnosed with recurrent or metastatic ONB that has not responded to standard treatment. Design: Participants will be screened with a medical history, blood and urine tests, and physical exam. Their ability to perform their normal activities will be assessed. They will have an electrocardiogram to evaluate their heart. They will have imaging scans and/or a nuclear bone scan, as needed. For some scans, they may receive a contrast dye. Some screening tests will be repeated during the study. Participants will receive bintrafusp alfa once every 2 weeks for 26 doses. They will get it intravenously over 60 minutes. They may get other medicines to prevent side effects. They will complete health questionnaires. Visits will last 4-6 hours. Participants may have optional tumor biopsies. Participants will have an end of treatment visit within 7 days after they stop taking the study drug. About 28 days after treatment ends, they will have a safety visit. They will have follow-up visits every 3 months for the first year, then every 6 months for years 2-5, and then once a year after that for the rest of their life. If their disease progresses, they may be eligible for re-treatment with the study drug

Bethesda, MarylandStart: September 2021
A Natural History Study of Children and Adults With Olfactory Neuroblastoma

Background: Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is a rare cancer. It grows from tissue in the upper part of the nose cavity, related to the sense of smell and can affect a person s sense of smell. Researchers want to better understand the health problems of people with ONB. This may help them design better treatment and supportive care studies. Objective: To better understand ONB-the course of the disease, tumor characteristics, response to treatments, and management of the treatment. Eligibility: People ages 3 years and older who have ONB. They must enroll in NIH studies #19-C-0016 and #18-DC-0051. Design: Participants will be screened with a medical history and medical record review. Participants do not have to visit NIH. Participants will give a blood sample. They will complete surveys to assess their emotional and physical wellbeing and needs. Leftover tissue from biopsies and surgeries will be collected. Participants will take smell tests. They will smell items and answer questions about them. Participants may take taste tests. They will get plastic taste strips that they will move around their mouth to determine the taste. Participants may have a physical exam. Their performance status may be assessed. Participants may give blood, saliva, urine, and nasal secretion samples. Participants may have computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging scans. Participants may have one or more tumor biopsies. Participants will talk to the research team about the results of their medical record/tests evaluation. The team will recommend how to best manage and treat their disease. Participants may give samples and complete surveys every 12 months. Their medical records will be reviewed every year. They will be monitored for the rest of their life.

Bethesda, MarylandStart: September 2021
Treatment With Dinutuximab, Sargramostim (GM-CSF), and Isotretinoin in Combination With Irinotecan and Temozolomide After Intensive Therapy for People With High-Risk Neuroblastoma (NBL)

This phase II trial studies if dinutuximab, GM-CSF, isotretinoin in combination with irinotecan, and temozolomide (chemo-immunotherapy) can be given safely to patients with high-risk neuroblastoma after Consolidation therapy (which usually consists of two autologous stem cell transplants and radiation) who have not experienced worsening or recurrence of their disease. Dinutuximab represents a kind of cancer therapy called immunotherapy. Unlike chemotherapy and radiation, dinutuximab targets the cancer cells without destroying nearby healthy cells. Sargramostim helps the body produce normal infection-fighting white blood cells. Isotretinoin helps the neuroblastoma cells become more mature. These 3 drugs (standard immunotherapy) are already given to patients with high-risk neuroblastoma after Consolidation because they have been proven to be beneficial in this setting. Chemotherapy drugs, such as irinotecan and temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. They may also effect how well immunotherapy works on neuroblastoma cells. Giving chemo-immunotherapy after intensive therapy may work better in treating patients with high-risk neuroblastoma compared to standard immunotherapy.

Hackensack, New JerseyStart: October 2020
SJDAWN: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Phase 1 Study Evaluating Molecularly-Driven Doublet Therapies for Children and Young Adults With Recurrent Brain Tumors

Approximately 90% of children with malignant brain tumors that have recurred or relapsed after receiving conventional therapy will die of disease. Despite this terrible and frustrating outcome, continued treatment of this population remains fundamental to improving cure rates. Studying this relapsed population will help unearth clues to why conventional therapy fails and how cancers continue to resist modern advances. Moreover, improvements in the treatment of this relapsed population will lead to improvements in upfront therapy and reduce the chance of relapse for all. Novel therapy and, more importantly, novel approaches are sorely needed. This trial proposes a new approach that evaluates rational combination therapies of novel agents based on tumor type and molecular characteristics of these diseases. The investigators hypothesize that the use of two predictably active drugs (a doublet) will increase the chance of clinical efficacy. The purpose of this trial is to perform a limited dose escalation study of multiple doublets to evaluate the safety and tolerability of these combinations followed by a small expansion cohort to detect preliminary efficacy. In addition, a more extensive and robust molecular analysis of all the participant samples will be performed as part of the trial such that we can refine the molecular classification and better inform on potential response to therapy. In this manner the tolerability of combinations can be evaluated on a small but relevant population and the chance of detecting antitumor activity is potentially increased. Furthermore, the goal of the complementary molecular characterization will be to eventually match the therapy with better predictive biomarkers. PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and tolerability and estimate the maximum tolerated dose/recommended phase 2 dose (MTD/RP2D) of combination treatment by stratum. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of combination treatment by stratum. SECONDARY OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate and duration of objective response and progression free survival (PFS) by stratum.

Memphis, TennesseeStart: March 2018