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146 active trials for Mesothelioma

Prospective Evaluation of Photon Counting Computed Tomographic Imaging, Noninvasive (Liquid) Biopsies, and Minimally Invasive Surgical Surveillance for Early Detection of Mesotheliomas in Patients With BAP1 Tumor Predisposition Syndrome

Background: A germline mutation is a change to a person s genes that is carried through their DNA. These mutations can be passed on from parents to their offspring. Germline mutations in a gene called BAP1 are linked to the development of mesothelioma and other cancers. Researchers want to follow people with these mutations to learn more. Objective: To see if researchers can improve how people who have or are suspected to have a BAP1 mutation are monitored over time. Eligibility: People age 30 and older who are suspected to have a BAP1 germline mutation. Design: Participants will be screened with a personal and family medical history. Their medical records may be reviewed. They will give a blood or saliva sample to test for a BAP1 mutation. They will get genetic counseling. To take part in this study, participants will enroll on 2 to 3 other protocols. Participants will have a physical exam. They may have a tumor biopsy. They will give blood and urine samples. They will have skin and eye exams. Some participants will have video-assisted thoracoscopy to examine the chest and lungs and diagnose suspicious areas. For this, a small camera is inserted into the chest through a small incision. Some participants will have laparoscopy to examine the organs inside the abdomen. For this, a small camera is inserted into the abdomen through a small incision. Participants will have imaging scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis. They may have brain scans. Participants will visit the NIH once a year for follow-up exams. Participation lasts indefinitely.

Bethesda, MarylandStart: March 2021
Individualized Response Assessment to Heated Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) for the Treatment of Peritoneal Carcinomatosis From Ovarian, Colorectal, Appendiceal, or Peritoneal Mesothelioma Histologies

Background: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) removes tumors in the abdomen. HIPEC is heated chemotherapy that washes the abdomen. CRS and HIPEC may help people with peritoneal carcinomatosis. These are tumors that have spread to the lining of the abdomen from other cancers. Researchers think they can improve results of CRS and HIPEC by choosing the chemotherapy drugs used in HIPEC. Objective: To see if HIPEC after CRS can be improved, by testing different chemotherapy drugs, using a model called the SMART (Sample Microenvironment of Resected Metastatic Tumor) System. Eligibility: Adults ages 18 and older who have peritoneal carcinomatosis that cannot be fully removed safely with surgery. Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam Blood and urine tests Computed tomography (CAT) scan Other imaging scans, as needed Electrocardiogram (EKG) Tumor biopsy, if needed Laparoscopy. Small cuts will be made in the abdomen. A tube with a light and a camera will be used to see their organs. Some screening tests will be repeated in the study. Participants will enroll in NIH protocol #13C0176. This allows their tumor samples to be used in future research. Participants will have CRS. As many of their visible tumors will be removed as possible. They will also have HIPEC. Two thin tubes will be put in their abdomen. They will get chemotherapy through one tube. It will be drained out through the other tube. They will be in the hospital for 7-21 days after surgery. Participants will give tumor, blood, and fluid samples for research. They will complete surveys about their health and quality of life. Participants will have follow-up visits over 5 years.

Bethesda, MarylandStart: September 2021
Oral Decitabine and Tetrahydrouridine as Epigenetic Priming for, Pembrolizumab-Mediated Immune Checkpoint Blockade in Patients With Inoperable, or Unresectable Locally Advanced or Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancers and Esophageal Carcinomas

Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States. Most people with lung cancer are already in the advanced stages of the disease by the time they see a doctor. Researchers want to see if combining an approved drug with two new drugs can help. Objective: To study if tetrahydrouridine-decitabine (THU-DAC) with pembrolizumab is safe and effective in people with non-small cell lung cancer that cannot be removed by surgery. Eligibility: People 18 years and older who have NSCLC that cannot be removed by surgery Design: Participants will be screened with Medical history Physical exam Blood and urine tests Tests of heart and lung function They may have a small tumor sample taken (biopsy). They may have tumor scans. Before starting treatment, participants will repeat the screening tests. They will also give a stool sample. The study will be done in 3-week cycles for up to 6 cycles. Participants will take the 2 study drugs by mouth 3-5 days a week. Participants will get pembrolizumab in a vein for 30 minutes 1 day each cycle. Participants will keep a study medication diary. During cycle 1, participants will have blood taken multiple times on days 1 and 2. Every 3 cycles, participants will repeat screening tests. Participants will have a mandatory tumor biopsy. When they finish treatment, participants will have a physical exam and blood tests.

Bethesda, MarylandStart: April 2018
Mesothelin-Targeted Immunotoxin LMB-100 in Combination With Tofacitinib in Persons With Previously Treated Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma, Cholangiocarcinoma and Other Mesothelin Expressing Solid Tumors

Background: The protein mesothelin is found on many kinds of tumors. The drug LMB-100 targets cancer cells that make this protein. Researchers want to see if LMB-100 combined with another drug can help people with these tumors. Objective: To find a safe dose of LMB-100 plus tofacitinib in people with pancreatic cancer, bile-duct cancer, and other solid tumors that make mesothelin. Eligibility: People ages 18 and older with pancreatic cancer, bile-duct cancer, or any other solid tumor with mesothelin that worsened after treatment or they could not receive standard treatment Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Tumor tissue sample. If they do not have a sample, they will have a biopsy. Physical exam Blood and heart tests Scans and x-rays: They may have a dye injected for the scans. Participants will take the drugs in up to three 21-day cycles. They will take tofacitinib by mouth twice a day on days 1-10 of each cycle. They will have LMB-100 injected into the blood on days 4, 6, and 8 of every cycle. Patients that do not have a medi-port may need to have a central vein access line placed. Participants will take other drugs on the days they receive LMB-100. Participants will repeat screening tests during the study. They may have a biopsy at the start of the first 2 cycles. If participants must stop the study, they will have a safety visit 3-6 weeks after their last dose of the study drug. Some participants may then have visits every 6 weeks. After treatment, participants will be contacted about once a year. They will be asked about their cancer.

Bethesda, MarylandStart: August 2019
Intratumor Injection of Anti-Mesothelin Immunotoxin LMB-100 With Ipilimumab in Malignant Mesothelioma

Background: Mesothelioma is a type of cancer. It originates in cells that line human body cavities. Most people have advanced disease when they are diagnosed. Researchers want to see if a combination of drugs can help. Objective: To find a safe dose of LMB-100 in combination with ipilimumab when LMB-100 is injected into tumors. Eligibility: Adults ages 18 and older with malignant pleural or peritoneal mesothelioma that cannot be cured with surgery and has not responded to standard first-line treatments for mesothelioma. Design: Participants will be screened with: Tumor biopsy or effusion, if needed Medical history Physical exam Blood and urine tests Imaging scans Heart and lung function tests Pregnancy test, if needed Some screening tests will be repeated during the study. Participants will get LMB-100 on Days 1 and 4 for up to 2 cycles. Each cycle lasts 21 days. They will stay in the hospital for about 8 days each time they get LMB-100. It will be injected into their tumor with needles. Participants will get ipilimumab through a tube that is put in a vein. It will be given on Day 2 of the first 2 cycles and Day 1 of the next 2 cycles. Participants will be assessed for how well they do daily activities. They will give blood and tissue samples for research. Participants will have a safety visit 4 to 6 weeks after the last dose of the study drugs. Then they will have scans every 6 weeks until their disease gets worse. If their tumor gets bigger, they will have phone, video, or email follow-ups every 12 weeks. Participants will be on this study for life....

Bethesda, MarylandStart: June 2021
Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Rare Tumors

This phase II trial studies nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare tumors. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This trial enrolls participants for the following cohorts based on condition: Epithelial tumors of nasal cavity, sinuses, nasopharynx: A) Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx and trachea (excluding laryngeal, nasopharyngeal cancer [NPC], and squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck [SCCHN]) B) Adenocarcinoma and variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx (closed to accrual 07/27/2018) Epithelial tumors of major salivary glands (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) Salivary gland type tumors of head and neck, lip, esophagus, stomach, trachea and lung, breast and other location (closed to accrual) Undifferentiated carcinoma of gastrointestinal (GI) tract Adenocarcinoma with variants of small intestine (closed to accrual 05/10/2018) Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of GI tract (stomach small intestine, colon, rectum, pancreas) (closed to accrual 10/17/2018) Fibromixoma and low grade mucinous adenocarcinoma (pseudomixoma peritonei) of the appendix and ovary (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) Rare pancreatic tumors including acinar cell carcinoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma or serous cystadenocarcinoma. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is not eligible (closed to accrual) Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and bile duct tumors (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) Sarcomatoid carcinoma of lung Bronchoalveolar carcinoma lung. This condition is now also referred to as adenocarcinoma in situ, minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma, or invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma Non-epithelial tumors of the ovary: A) Germ cell tumor of ovary B) Mullerian mixed tumor and adenosarcoma (closed to accrual 03/30/2018) Trophoblastic tumor: A) Choriocarcinoma (closed to accrual) Transitional cell carcinoma other than that of the renal, pelvis, ureter, or bladder (closed to accrual) Cell tumor of the testes and extragonadal germ tumors: A) Seminoma and testicular sex cord cancer B) Non seminomatous tumor C) Teratoma with malignant transformation (closed to accrual) Epithelial tumors of penis - squamous adenocarcinoma cell carcinoma with variants of penis (closed to accrual) Squamous cell carcinoma variants of the genitourinary (GU) system Spindle cell carcinoma of kidney, pelvis, ureter Adenocarcinoma with variants of GU system (excluding prostate cancer) (closed to accrual 07/27/2018) Odontogenic malignant tumors Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) (formerly named: Endocrine carcinoma of pancreas and digestive tract.) (closed to accrual) Neuroendocrine carcinoma including carcinoid of the lung (closed to accrual 12/19/2017) Pheochromocytoma, malignant (closed to accrual) Paraganglioma (closed to accrual 11/29/2018) Carcinomas of pituitary gland, thyroid gland parathyroid gland and adrenal cortex (closed to accrual) Desmoid tumors Peripheral nerve sheath tumors and NF1-related tumors (closed to accrual 09/19/2018) Malignant giant cell tumors Chordoma (closed to accrual 11/29/2018) Adrenal cortical tumors (closed to accrual 06/27/2018) Tumor of unknown primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary; CuP) (closed to accrual 12/22/2017) Not Otherwise Categorized (NOC) Rare Tumors [To obtain permission to enroll in the NOC cohort, contact: S1609SC@swog.org] (closed to accrual 03/15/2019) Adenoid cystic carcinoma (closed to accrual 02/06/2018) Vulvar cancer (closed to accrual) MetaPLASTIC carcinoma (of the breast) (closed to accrual) Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) (closed to accrual 09/26/2018) Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) Apocrine tumors/extramammary Paget's disease (closed to accrual) Peritoneal mesothelioma Basal cell carcinoma (temporarily closed to accrual 04/29/2020) Clear cell cervical cancer Esthenioneuroblastoma (closed to accrual) Endometrial carcinosarcoma (malignant mixed Mullerian tumors) (closed to accrual) Clear cell endometrial cancer Clear cell ovarian cancer (closed to accrual) Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) Gallbladder cancer Small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type PD-L1 amplified tumors Angiosarcoma High-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor [PNET] should be enrolled in Cohort 22; prostatic neuroendocrine carcinomas should be enrolled into Cohort 53). Small cell lung cancer is not eligible (closed to accrual) Treatment-emergent small-cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer (t-SCNC)

Columbus, OhioStart: January 2017
Long Term Follow-up of Mesothelioma Patients and Their Family Members With Germline Mutations in BAP1 and Other Genes

Background: -A gene provides instructions to the body. Mutated genes can sometimes cause cancer. Germline mutations are those people are born with. These mutations in the BAP1 gene can cause mesothelioma and other cancers. Researchers want to study people with germline mutations of BAP1 and other genes known to cause cancer. Objective: -To learn how cancer might develop in people with certain gene mutations. Eligibility: -People ages 2 and older with a germline mutation in BAP1 or another gene that might cause cancer Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical and family history Saliva test Participants with mesothelioma will be in the NIH Group. Participants without mesothelioma can choose to be in either the NIH Group or the Remote Group. Remote Group participants will have a medical and family history by phone. If they have tumor tissue from a previous surgery, it will be tested. They will be contacted once a year by phone. NIH Group participants will have a baseline visit. This can take up to 4 days. They may have to stay in the area overnight. The visit will include: Physical exam Evaluation of tumor tissue if available Optional tumor biopsy Blood tests Scans: A machine will take pictures of the body. Photographs of skin lesions or other issues Skin exam Eye exam NIH Group participants will have visits once or twice a year. These will include a physical exam, lab tests, scans, and other tests as needed. Participants who have a confirmed mutation will be asked to contact any relatives who may be at risk and ask them about joining the study.

Bethesda, MarylandStart: March 2019