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31 active trials for Intracranial Hemorrhage

Application of Magnesium-rich Artificial Cerebrospinal Fluid in Nonaneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is one of the common fatal types of cerebral apoplexy with high mortality and disability rates. Hematoma volume and complications of intracerebral hemorrhage are major predictors of early death and poor prognosis. The hematoma and its metabolites are key therapeutic targets. At present, in order to improve the prognosis of patients, cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) replacement with normal saline(NS) is commonly used in clinical practice to clear the bloody components, which shows a good clinical effect. However, due to the large difference between NS and CSF composition, it is easy to cause secondary injury of brain tissue. Therefore, the replacement of artificial CSF with similar CSF composition will be more effective in reducing the incidence of complications and improve the prognosis of neurological function. The Magnesium-rich Artificial Cerebrospinal Fluid(MACSF) designed and developed in the early stage of this project which has similar physical and chemical properties to physiological CSF, such as ion species, concentration, potential of hydrogen (pH) value and osmotic pressure. Animal experiments has confirmed its safety and effectiveness. In this study, patients with basal ganglia intracerebral hemorrhage ruptured into the ventricle or nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage were stratified randomly divided into MACSF group and NS group. MACSF and NS were used as replacement fluid for lumbar puncture CSF replacement, respectively. By observing and compare two groups of patients of the Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) in the day of 14, 30, 60, 90 days after onset; hematoma absorption rate, hemorrhagic CSF removal rate; changes of cerebral autoregulation; incidence of complications, such as acute obstructive hydrocephalus (AOH) and cerebral vasospasm (CVS); the changes of scores and scales about imaging; assessment of neurological function recovery, such as the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and the Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) during hospitalization, headache duration and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), vomiting duration, duration of meningeal irritant, ICU hospitalization duration, total hospitalization duration; change of CSF and peripheral blood biochemical indicators. Objective to evaluate MACSF replacement therapy in patients with basal ganglia cerebral hemorrhage broken into ventricles and nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage of the influence of absorption rate and prognosis.

Xi'an, ShaanxiStart: April 2021
Restarting Anticoagulation After Traumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage

Primary Objective: To identify the optimal interval to restart oral anticoagulation after traumatic intracranial hemorrhage that will minimize thrombotic events and major bleeding by performing a response adaptive randomized (RAR) PROBE clinical trial of restarting in anticoagulant-associated traumatic intracranial hemorrhage patients, comparing restart at 1 week to restart at 2 weeks or at 4 weeks, with a primary composite outcome of major thrombotic events and bleeding. Primary Outcome: 60-day composite of thromboembolic events, defined as DVT, pulmonary emboli, myocardial infarctions, ischemic strokes and systemic emboli, and bleeding events defined as non-CNS major bleeding events (modified BARC3 or above) and worsening index tICrH or new intracranial hemorrhage (ICrH). Secondary objectives of this trial include: To use the Trauma Quality Improvement Program (TQIP) of the American College of Surgeons - Committee on Trauma (ACS-COT), a well-established and highly respected trauma center oversight mechanism, to translate findings of the trial into practice in a closed loop. To establish a relationship between time of restarting and overall secondary events, i.e. a dose response, that favors early restarting (1 week is better than 2 weeks and 2 weeks is better than 4 weeks. To explore patient centered utility weighting of thrombotic versus bleeding composite endpoint components by: A) 60-day Disability Rating Scale (DRS) 24,25 and modified Rankin Scale (mRS)26; B) Trial patient-reported standard gamble utilities including by race, gender and ethnicity. To explore the composite without DVT in the thrombotic component

Austin, TexasStart: October 2021
Treatment of Classic Mid-trimester PPROM by Means of Continuous Amnioinfusion

Objective: Mid-trimester preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), defined as rupture of fetal mem-branes prior to 28 weeks' gestation (WG), complicates approximately 0.4-0.7% of all pregnancies and associated with very high neonatal mortality and morbidity. Antibiotics have limited success to prevent bacteremia, chorioamnionitis and fetal inflammation because of reduced placental transport. The repetitive amnioinfusion doesn't work because of immediately fluid lost after the intervention). The continuous amnioinfusion with Amnion Flush Solution through the perinatal port system in patients with classic PPROM prolonged the PPROM-to-delivery interval to 49 days in average by flush out of bacteria and inflammatory components from the amniotic cavity. Aim: This multicenter trial tests the effect of continuous amnioinfusion on the neonatal survival without major morbidities, like severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia, intraventricular hemorrhage, cystic periventricular leukomalacia and necrotizing enterocolitis. Design: randomized multicenter controlled trial; two-arm parallel design. Control group: 34 PPROM patients between 22/0 (20/0) -26/0 WG treating with antibiotics and corticosteroids in according to DGGG guide-lines. In interventional group (n=34) the standard PPROM therapy will be complemented by "Amnion -Flush" method with the amnioinfusion of artificial amniotic fluid (Amnion Flush Solution, Serumwerk AG, Germany, 2400 ml/d). Subjects: Patients with classic PPROM between 22/0-26/0 WG. Expected outcome:The investigators expect significant reduction of neonatal mortality and morbidity in the "Amnion-Flush" group.

Halle, Sachsen AnhaltStart: January 2021