300,000+ clinical trials. Find the right one.

27 active trials for Immunization

Adapting Motivational Interviewing for Maternal Immunizations (MI4MI)

Vaccinating pregnant women affords a unique opportunity to protect both mother and child against influenza and pertussis, yet uptake of maternal immunizations remain far below national target goals. A significant barrier to vaccine uptake is the lack of evidence to guide provider communication with patients who have concerns about vaccines. This novel study will adapt motivational interviewing to the ob-gyn setting to provide information about how to improve provider communication and increase vaccine uptake among pregnant women. The investigators propose a pragmatic practice-based study in 5 ob-gyn practices in Colorado to develop the MI for maternal immunizations (MI4MI) intervention and assess fidelity, acceptability, and feasibility among patients and providers. Aim 1 will use an iterative process building upon existing knowledge of patient concerns about maternal immunizations and our prior experience training providers in Motivational Interviewing (MI) for childhood immunizations to develop the MI4MI training. During development, the study team will conduct focus groups to elicit provider input during. The MI4MI intervention will include a video-module, 2 asynchronous online trainings, provider reference sheets, and practice study champions. Aim 2 will include intervention implementation and assessment of intervention fidelity, acceptability, and feasibility. In Aim 2a, will conduct pre- and post-intervention chart reviews among participating practices to evaluate the impact of MI4MI on influenza and Tdap vaccine uptake among pregnant patients.

Aurora, ColoradoStart: May 2020
High vs. Standard Dose Influenza Vaccine in Adult SOT Recipients

The influenza virus is a significant cause of morbidity in adult solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. However, these individuals show a suboptimal response to vaccines including the standard-dose (SD) inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV). Recent studies have investigated two strategies to overcome poor immune responses in SOT recipients: (1) administration of high-dose (HD)-IIV compared to SD-IIV and (2) two doses of SD-IIV compared to one dose of SD-IIV in the same influenza season. The first study compared HD-IIV vs. SD-IIV in adult SOT and noted HD-IIV was safe and reported higher immunogenicity; however, the median post-transplant period was 38 months. In another phase II trial of adult SOT recipients, two doses of SD-IIV a month apart compared to one-dose SD-IIV revealed increased immunogenicity, with a median post-transplantation period of 18 months. Therefore, these studies lack evaluation in the early post-transplantation period in this vulnerable population when influenza disease is most severe. The administration of two-doses of HD-IIV in the same influenza season has also not been studied in SOT recipients. Moreover, the vast majority of SOT influenza vaccinations studies have not substantively evaluated prolonged immunogenicity. Thus, the optimal immunization strategy for SOT recipients less than 12 months post-transplant is poorly-defined. In addition, the immunologic predictors and correlates of influenza vaccine immunogenicity in SOT recipients have not been defined. The investigators hypothesize that adult solid organ transplant recipients that are 1-11 months out from transplant and are receiving high-dose inactivated influenza vaccine will have higher hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) geometric mean titers to influenza A antigens compared to adult SOT recipients receiving standard-dose inactivated influenza vaccine. To test this hypothesis and address the above critical knowledge gaps, The investigators propose to conduct a phase II multicenter randomized controlled trial comparing either two doses HD-IIV, two doses of SD-IIV, or one-dose of HD-IIV in adult kidney, heart, and liver SOT recipients 1-11 months post-transplantation. The results of this study will address significant gaps in knowledge regarding influenza vaccine strategies and immune responses in adult SOT recipients and will guide vaccine recommendations in this vulnerable population.

Nashville, TennesseeStart: February 2021
Influenza Immunization in Adults Over Age 75

The immune system is the part of the body that protects against infection. The immune system often doesn't work as effectively as people get older. This research is being done to find out how the immune systems in older people who are over age 75 respond to influenza vaccine (flu shot). We also want to find out if chronic cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, a common virus infection in older persons affects the immune response in people older than 75 years of age who receive a flu shot. The Flu Shot is a vaccine approved for the prevention of influenza ("Flu") infections and is recommended every year for all persons 50 years and older. People who are older than 75 years of age are considered healthy or frail may join. A total of 525 persons will be participating in this study. In order to determine if you are qualified for the study, we would ask you to answer a few questions over the phone that will take approximately 5 minutes. If you qualify and agree to proceed, you will be asked to come to Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center or, if you are unable to come to Bayview, one of our staff can visit you at your home. During that visit we obtain consent, review your medical history, and measure your vital signs, walking speed and grip strength. We will also administer a few brief questionnaires and collect urine and blood samples. We will then give you the Flu shot for free. Three to four weeks after you receive the Flu shot, you will have another visit at Johns Hopkins Bayview or your home where we will repeat some of the questionnaires, vital signs, and collect a second blood sample. Throughout the study, we will call you once a week to ask about your general health and any Flu-like symptoms. These calls will be made throughout the Flu season which typically lasts through the end of May. If you begin to have any influenza like symptoms at any time during the study, we ask that you call our office to report these symptoms so that we may perform a nasal swab to confirm influenza, and a third blood draw to look at the immune response and protection of influenza vaccine.

Baltimore, MarylandStart: March 2014
Immune Cells Phenotypes During COVID-19

The ongoing pandemic caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) has infected more than one hundred twenty million peoples worldwide one year after its onset with a case-fatality rate of almost 2%. The disease due to the coronavirus 2019 (i.e., COVID-19) is associated with a wide range of clinical symptoms. As the primary site of viral invasion is the upper respiratory airways, lung infection is the most common complication. Most infected patients are asymptomatic or experience mild or moderate form of the disease (80 %). A lower proportion (15%) develop severe pneumonia with variable level of hypoxia that may required hospitalization for oxygen therapy. In the most severe cases (5%), patients evolve towards critical illness with organ failure such as the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). At this stage, invasive mechanical ventilation is required in almost 70 % and the hospital mortality rises to 37 %. Immune cells are key players during SARS CoV-2 infection and several alterations have been reported including lymphocytes (T, B and NK) and monocytes depletion, and cells exhaustion. Such alterations were much more pronounced in patients with the most severe form of the disease. Beside, a dysregulated proinflammatory response has also been pointed out as a potential mechanism of lung damage. Finally, COVID-19 is associated with an unexpectedly high incidence of thrombosis which probably results from the viral invasion of endothelial cells. The investigators aim to explore prospectively the alterations of innate and adaptive immune cells during both the acute and the recovery phase of SARS CoV-2 pneumonia. Flow and Spectral cytometry will be used to perform deep subset profiling focusing on T, B, NK, NKT, gamma-gelta T, monocytes and dendritic cells. Each specific cell type will be further characterized using markers of activation/inhibition, maturation/differenciation and senescence as well as chemokines receptors. T-cell memory specificity will be explore using specific SARS CoV-2 pentamer. Platelet activation and circulating microparticles will be explore using flow cytometry. Serum SARS CoV-2 antibodies (IgA, IgM, IgG), serum cytokines, and serum biomarkers of alveolar epithelial and endothelial cells will be analyze using ELISA and correlate with the severity of the disease.

MarseilleStart: March 2020