300,000+ clinical trials. Find the right one.

22 active trials for ERCP

Effects of High FIO2 on Post-ERCP Pancreatitis.

Post-ERCP pancreatitis is one of the most common complications accounting for substantial morbidity and mortality. The incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) has been studied in several large clinical trials and ranges from 1.6-15%. However most studies have demonstrated rates around 5%. This complication alone is estimated to cost the US healthcare around $150 million annually. To prevent this complication several pharmacological agents have been studied and no medication has been proved to be consistently effective in preventing this complications. Cyclo-oxygenase, and phospholipase A2 pathways are believed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis and so non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been extensively studied in the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis. One of the landmark studies done on prophylactic NSAIDs for PEP showed that rectal indomethacin significantly reduce the incidence of PEP (PEP developed in 9.2% vs. 16.9% of indomethacin and placebo groups respectively). Since then the use of rectal NSAIDs has become a standard chemo-prophylaxis for prevention of PEP especially in high risk patients. However, newly published meta-analysis showed that the role of peri-procedural rectal Indomethacin is doubtful in patients with average risk for PEP. In this prospective randomized clinical study, we propose to study the effects of supplemental peri-operative oxygen on the incidence of PEP. The effects of high oxygen fraction (FIO2) has extensively been studied in reducing the incidence of surgical site infection, postoperative nausea, vomiting and to prevent postoperative atelectasis. Changing the FIO2 during a procedure can be a simple, inexpensive and low risk intervention to prevent post-procedure complications.

Lexington, KentuckyStart: May 2021
Stent vs. Indomethacin for Preventing Post-ERCP Pancreatitis

Background: Pancreatitis is the most frequent complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), accounting for substantial morbidity, occasional mortality, and increased health care expenditures. Until recently, the only effective method of preventing post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) had been prophylactic pancreatic stent placement (PSP), an intervention that is costly, time consuming, technically challenging, and potentially dangerous. The investigators recently reported the results of a large randomized controlled trial demonstrating that rectal indomethacin, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, reduced the risk of pancreatitis after ERCP in high-risk patients, most of whom (>80%) had received a pancreatic stent. Secondary analysis of this RCT suggested that subjects who received indomethacin alone were less likely to develop PEP than those who received a pancreatic stent alone or the combination of indomethacin and stent, even after adjusting for underlying differences in subject risk. If indomethacin were to obviate the need for PSP, major clinical and cost benefits in ERCP practice could be realized. Objective: To assess whether rectal indomethacin alone is non-inferior to the combination of rectal indomethacin and prophylactic pancreatic stent placement for preventing post-ERCP pancreatitis in high-risk cases. Methods: Comparative effectiveness multi-center non-inferiority trial of rectal indomethacin alone vs. the combination of rectal indomethacin and prophylactic pancreatic stent placement for the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis in high-risk patients. One thousand four hundred and thirty subjects at elevated risk for PEP who would normally receive a pancreatic stent for prophylaxis will be randomized to indomethacin alone or the combination of indomethacin and PSP. The proportion of patients developing PEP and moderate-severe PEP will be compared. In addition, the investigators will establish a quality-assured central repository of biological specimens obtained from study participants, permitting future translational research elucidating the molecular and genetic mechanisms of PEP, as well as the mechanisms by which non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs prevent this complication.

Seattle, WashingtonStart: September 2015
RCT of Efficacy and Safety of Sedation Compared to General Anesthesia for ERCP

There is a worldwide trend to minimally invasive interventions, which results in increasing numbers of interventions performed outside of the operating room. Currently, approximately 12 to 15% of total anaesthetic workload is non-operating room anaesthesia (NORA) and this anaesthetic activity is increasing. Many of these interventions need supplementary comfort measures to have relaxed patients and high success rates. Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) is performed >50,000 times per year in the U.S.,and is a typical minimally invasive intervention that needs patient sedation. There is a controversy about the optimal comfort intervention in minimally invasive interventions and in particular in ERCP. Two different approaches to insure patients' comfort have been proposed: general anaesthesia with endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation or sedation with spontaneous ventilation. Well-performed studies on sedation versus general anaesthesia using a randomized controlled trial design with observer blinding will contribute to improve the decision-making for the optimal comfort measures in minimally invasive procedures. At our knowledge such a randomized controlled trial has not been reported before. The investigators hypothesize that deep sedation without tracheal intubation will achieve similar success rates for ERCP as general anaesthesia and will have similar rates of harmful postoperative effects. The primary aim of this trial is to demonstrate that the success rate of ERCP is not inferior in patients randomized to deep sedation without orotracheal intubation vs general anesthesia with orotracheal intubation. Secondary aims include a comparison between randomization groups of patient safety, patient and endoscopist satisfaction, duration of patient recovery and of anesthesia procedure.

BrusselsStart: February 2014
Urine Trypsinogen 2 Dipstick for the Early Detection of Post-ERCP Pancreatitis

Post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) is the most common, serious complication of ERCP. More than 500,000 ERCP procedures are performed from which 25,000 cases of PEP occur in the U.S.A. annually. PEP accounts for significant morbidity and health care expenditures. While symptoms of PEP arise immediately after ERCP, they are non-specific. Consequently, unnecessary admissions of outpatients without PEP and inadvertent discharge of outpatients with PEP from ERCP recovery are common. An accurate, confirmatory test for diagnosis of PEP immediately after ERCP is lacking. Actim Pancreatitis (Medix Biochemica) is a urine trypsinogen-2 dipstick test (UTDT) that uses trypsinogen-2 as a biomarker for acute pancreatitis. Urine Trypisinogen-2 Dipstick test (UTDT) is a simple, inexpensive test with promising preliminary data for accuracy for immediate diagnosis of PEP. Prior studies of ITDT test characteristics lack rigorous scientific design. Investigators will enroll 1825 ERCP outpatients at our institution in a prospective cohort study. A pre-ERCP UTDT test and diagnostic UTDT 2 hours after the ERCP will be performed. Patients with a positive baseline UTDT will be followed clinically as part of this study without 2 hour testing. Care providers and study primary investigators will be blinded to the 2 hour UTDT results. Baseline, intra-procedure and recovery room clinical data will be recorded. Diagnosis of PEP will be made blinded to the UTDT result. Admission status for PEP will be assessed by review of records and phone/e-mail contact 5 days and 30 days after ERCP procedure. Sensitivity and specificity of 2 hour post ERCP UTDT for the diagnosis of PEP will be calculated. Aims: 1) To determine the test characteristics of UTDT for the diagnosis of PEP 2 hours after completion of ERCP. 2) To identify and describe patients with baseline UTDT positivity, in whom this test offers limited utility. Specific Aims: Primary Aim 1.1 To determine the test characteristics (sensitivity and specificity) of the UTDT for the diagnosis of PEP: Hypotheses: UTDT is a sensitive and specific test for the diagnosis of PEP for patients undergoing ERCP. At a cutpoint for a negative test of <50ug/L, UTDT will be accurate at 2 hours post ERCP in patients whose baseline test is negative.

Indianapolis, IndianaStart: July 2017
Refeeding in Post-ERCP Pancreatitis

Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) is the most commonly used technique for diagnosis and treatment in the treatment of bile duct diseases including bile duct cholelithiasis and malignant/benign biliary obstruction. In particular, ERCP is an essential procedure for the removal of bile duct gallstones and bile drainage in malignant/benign biliary obstruction patients. Among ERCP-related complications, especially "post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP)", which occurs due to the anatomical structure of the pancreatic biliary system, statistically occurs in about 5-10% of patients who first received ERCP. It is known, and treatment for PEP is the same as treatment for general acute pancreatitis but is known to have a relatively worse prognosis. The basis of treatment for acute pancreatitis is a conservative treatment based on fasting and fluid treatment, and starting oral diet after abdominal pain and pancreatic enzyme levels (amylase/lipase) normalized. However, a recent study reported that early oral diet could improve the patient's prognosis. According to a systematic review of 11 randomized trial papers by Valerie et al., it was reported that the early diet had the effect of reducing hospital stay without increasing adverse events when comparing the prognosis of the early refeeding group and delayed refeeding group. This result is theoretically considered to be because the oral diet has the advantage of increasing intestinal permeability, gut motility and reducing the likelihood of pancreatic necrosis/ infection compared to the parenteral diet. As above, PEP has the same treatment method as general acute pancreatitis but is known to have a relatively worse prognosis. However, the effect of an early diet recently attempted in acute pancreatitis has not been reported in patients with PEP. Therefore, we investigate the effects of early and delayed diets on the prognosis of patients with PEP through a prospective multicenter study.

SeoulStart: March 2021
Registry of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatographies Performed in Humans

Treatment of the pathology of the extrahepatic biliary tract is the most frequent indication for performing endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP). The method, which combines endoscopic and radiological vision, also allows for therapeutic (and diagnostic) procedures on some pathologies of the pancreas and the papilla of Vater. During the maneuvers it is also possible to obtain cyto-histological material for the diagnosis of any lesions identified, through the execution of brushing. The endoscope used for ERCP allows for microsurgical procedures to be performed on the papilla of Vater, on the biliary tract and on the pancreas, procedures that in the past required a real surgical intervention. ERCP is a generally well tolerated procedure, but as with all medical procedures it can have limitations and be followed by some complications. In 5% of cases, the procedure may not be completed due to anatomical variants that do not allow the endoscope to reach the duodenum or to cannulate and visualize the bile and / or pancreatic ducts. The most frequent complication is acute pancreatitis, which can arise as a consequence of surgery on the common outlet of the biliary and pancreatic tracts; it occurs in 3-5% of cases and to date, it cannot be predicted or prevented in all cases. In some groups of patients (young, with non-dilated biliary tract, or with a history of previous pancreatitis) the risk of pancreatitis can reach 10-12% . In rare cases (less than 1%), pancreatitis can have a severe course and may require surgery. Other less frequent complications (with an overall incidence of less than 2%) are: infection of the biliary tract or cystic collections, bleeding resulting from papillo-sphincterotomy, and perforation of the duodenum or ducts. Infection and bleeding are generally treated medically or endoscopically; the perforation may require surgery in some cases. This registry aims to collect in a prospective and / or retrospective way the data of the ERCP procedures performed in our center by evaluating the sex, age of the patient, the reason why the patient was subjected to the examination, diagnosis, clinical risk factors and technical risk (i.e. associated with the procedure itself), if there have been complications, the type of instrumentation in use in our operating unit and / or the operators performing the examinations.

RozzanoStart: January 2016
Rectal Indomethacin Versus Rectal Indomethacin and Sublingual Nitrate for PEP Prevention

Patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) are at risk for post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP), which is associated with adverse outcomes. Combination prophylaxis strategies are increasingly investigated to prevent PEP more effectively, and studies have confirmed the benefits. Two randomized controlled trials revealed that combination prophylaxis with rectal NSAIDs and sublingual nitrate has reduced PEP rates to 5.6%-6.7% in average-risk patients. However, there was concern regarding the safety of sublingual nitrate with reports of significant increasing the risk of hypotesion (rate of 54.9%) and headache (rate of 4.1%) as compared with placebo. As a safety drug, rectal administration of one dose NSAIDs is recommended as basic chemoprophylaxis in common or high-risk patients in guidelines. Results from previous studies showed rectal administration of NSAIDs significantly reduced PEP rate to 4-5.3% in average-risk patients. Although the difference in demographics, study design and outcomes definition, evidence was obtained that rectal NSAIDS was associated with similar PEP rate as combination prophylaxis with rectal NSAIDs and sublingual nitrate. However, evidence is lacking from large, randomized clinical trials indicating that efficiency of PEP prevention with rectal NSAIDs alone is not inferior to with combination prophylaxis. The investigators conduct this trial to investigate the hypothesis that rectal NSAIDs alone is non-inferior to the combination prophylaxis in terms of PEP prevention, but with reduce side effect.

Xiamen, FujianStart: July 2020