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56 active trials for Borderline Personality Disorder

Development and Initial Testing of a Couple-Based Intervention to Optimize Suicide and Self-Injury Treatment: COMPASS (Connecting, Overcoming, and Moving Past Suicide and Self-Injury)

Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), including suicide, thinking about suicide, and self-injury without intent to die, are major public health crises, with variably effective, and sometimes long and expensive, interventions. SITBs are particularly common in borderline personality disorder (BPD). Moreover, people with BPD often cannot access SITB treatment, drop out of them, and may lose their improvements after them. Reducing SITBs in BPD requires innovative interventions that have greater impact and are faster to deliver. SITBs are particularly influenced by emotion dysregulation (i.e., intense, negative emotion and difficulties changing it) and intimate relationship dysfunction, but leading evidence-based SITB interventions typically focus on the former, while neglecting the latter. For other mental health problems, couple treatments result in comparable or better individual outcomes relative to individually-delivered treatments, with added benefits of enhanced intimate relationship functioning. SITB treatment outcomes in BPD could likely be expedited and optimized with a couple intervention that targets emotion dysregulation in a relational context and intimate relationship dysfunction. This project aims to develop, refine, and test a brief SITB intervention delivered conjointly to individuals with BPD and SITBs (i.e., "patients") and their intimate partners (i.e., "partners")- COMPASS (Connecting, Overcoming, and Moving Past Suicide and Self- injury)- that targets both emotion dysregulation and intimate relationship dysfunction to reduce SITBs and BPD symptoms in the short- and long-term. Prior to formal testing in an uncontrolled trial, it is important to solicit preliminary data regarding the clarity, accessibility, safety, tolerability, and efficacy of COMPASS. This project involves 3 Phases: translating COMPASS outlines into a manual (Phase 1); refining COMPASS (Phase 2); and an uncontrolled pilot trial of COMPASS (Phase 3). In Phase 1, the three stages of COMPASS will be manualized to focus on (1) developing a conjoint safety plan to reduce SITB risk, (2) reducing emotion dysregulation and intimate relationship dysfunction, and (3) changing patterns that maintain SITBs. In Phase 2, COMPASS will be delivered to 5-10 patients with BPD and SITBs and their partners (i.e., 5-10 couples) who will provide feedback about whether COMPASS is clear, helpful, and useable. This feedback will be used to refine the COMPASS manual. In Phase 3, the investigators will test whether COMPASS is safe, initially efficacious, and feasible by administering it to 15-20 patients with BPD and SITB and their partners (i.e., 15-20 couples). The investigators will examine whether COMPASS results in changes in SITBs and BPD symptoms in patients with BPD and SITBs, and SITB risk factors (e.g., emotion dysregulation and intimate relationship dysfunction) in both patients and partners. These outcomes will be measured multiple times per day during treatment using participant's smartphones (i.e., ecological momentary assessment), and interviews/questionnaires administered at the beginning, middle, end, and at 3 months after the intervention. The investigators predict that COMPASS will reduce SITBs and BPD symptoms in the patient with BPD and SITBs and improve emotion dysregulation and intimate relationship dysfunction in both patients with BPD and SITBs and their partners. This study offers a novel SITB and BPD treatment that directly targets SITBs, BPD symptoms, and the factors that drive them. Its short duration broadens the accessibility of BPD and SITB interventions with the potential to contribute to reducing SITBs and BPD symptoms on a large scale. During this period of social distancing due to COVID-19, COMPASS will be delivered remotely via secure videoconferencing (Zoom Healthcare). As social distancing restrictions lift, COMPASS will be delivered in the laboratory.

Toronto, OntarioStart: January 2021
NEUROIMAGING OF ADOLESCENT BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER WITH AND WITHOUT POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a common mental disorder in adolescents with significant individual and societal repercussions, characterized over the long term by emotional hyperresponsiveness, relational instability, identity disturbances and self-aggressive behavior. The etiology of BPD is multifactorial and involves exposure to traumatic life events, which are present in the majority of cases. This explains the very common co-morbidity between BPD and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which involves emotionally painful memory relapses of one or more traumatic events, associated with an emotional trauma avoidance syndrome (s). ) and hypervigilance. Brain imaging studies in adolescents with BPD have shown decreases in the volume of gray matter within the frontolimbic network, as well as a decrease in frontolimbic white matter bundles. These brain changes are considered to be biological markers of TPB. However, the exact same brain changes are seen in PTSD. Although it represents more than a third of adolescents hospitalized in psychiatry, neuroscientific studies of BPD in adolescence are still scarce. The expertise we have acquired in U1077 in adolescents with PTSD offers us an exceptional opportunity to characterize in BPD with and without PTSD structural anomalies, including the hippocampus, and functional at rest, never used for hour in the teenager's BPD. Beyond that, carrying out an 18-month follow-up of the patients will allow us to assess the predictive value of these anomalies on the level of general psychopathology in all the patients studied and the intensity of the symptoms of traumatic relapse in the patients with PTSD. This modeling of disorders integrating psychopathological, neuropsychological and neuroanatomical approaches will provide the clinician with new knowledge necessary for therapeutic innovation.

Start: June 2021