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574 active trials for Asthma

A Three Arms Non-randomized Trial Investigating Measures for Bioaerosol Reduction in the Salmon Industry

Workers in the salmon industry are at risk of developing allergies and respiratory diseases, including asthma, due to occupational exposure to bioaerosols, i.e. bioactive agents (allergens, enzymes and endotoxins) in their work environment. The overall objective of this intervention trial is to identify effective and feasible control measures (interventions) that reduce exposure to these bioaerosols. The project comprises nine salmon processing factories in northern, central and western Norway. The factories are allocated to either one of the two intervention arms or the control group. In all factories, an assessment of exposure to bioaerosols will be performed. In addition, employees will be invited to undergo a health examination and fill out a self-administered questionnaire including information on demographics, work tasks, health and health promoting factors. The intervention trial is part of a broader study that comprises several substudies including the identification of clinically relevant allergens, investigation of exposure-response relationship between the exposure to individual bioactive agents in bioaerosols and investigations of prevalence of airway symptoms, altered lung function, skin symptoms or immunological responses indicating hypersensitivity. Finally the project includes the identification of health promoting factors that are present in the salmon processing industry. The project is an interdisciplinary multi-center study that places great emphasis on a close dialogue between the researchers and industry in all phases of the project.

Start: September 2021
Budesonide/Formoterol Turbuhaler® Versus Terbutaline Nebulization as Reliever Therapy in Children With Moderate Asthma Exacerbation

Combined use of inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting β-agonists (LABAs) as the controller and the quick relief therapy termed single maintenance and reliever therapy (SMART) is a potential therapeutic regimen for the management of persistent asthma. A recent systematic review supports the combined use of inhaled corticosteroids and LABA as both the controller and quick relief therapy (SMART) among patients aged 12 years. In Emergency room (ER), Meta-analysis showed that using salbutamol (or albuterol) by meter doses inhaler (MDI) with a valved holding chamber (VHC) in children with moderate-severe acute asthma exacerbation was more effective, that is, fewer hospital admissions, more clinical improvement, and had fewer adverse effects (tremor and tachycardia) than salbutamol by nebulizer. Therefore, several international guidelines recommend the use of salbutamol by MDI rather than by nebulizer for moderate-severe asthma exacerbations. In children older than 8 years old, dry-powder inhaler (DPI), a device that delivers medication to the lungs in the form of a dry powder is currently used for maintenance and reliever therapy rather than MDI. In this context, we aim to assess the use of combined inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting β-agonists (LABAs) as a quick relief therapy in children older than 8 years old presenting at the ER with moderate asthma exacerbation. Acute asthma patients who had severe exacerbation were excluded from this study (these patients receiving systematically continuous nebulized salbutamol and/or intravenous salbutamol upon their arrival)

JossignyStart: April 2021