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A Depression and Opioid Pragmatic Trial in Pharmacogenetics (DCRI Coordinating Center)

This study is comprised of three separate pharmacogenetic trials grouped into a single protocol due to similarities in the intervention, the hypotheses, and the trial design. The three trials are the Acute Pain Trial, the Chronic Pain Trial, and the Depression Trial. Participants can enroll in only one of the three trials. Acute Pain Trial: A prospective, multicenter, two arm randomized pragmatic trial. Participants meeting eligibility criteria will be randomly assigned to either immediate pharmacogenetic testing and genotype-guided post-surgical opioid therapy (Intervention arm) or standard care and pharmacogenetic testing after 6 months (Control arm). The investigators will test the hypothesis that pharmacogenetic testing and genotype guided pain management therapy improves pain control after surgery in participants who's body processes some pain medicines slower than normal. Chronic Pain Trial: A prospective, multicenter, two arm randomized pragmatic trial. Participants meeting eligibility criteria will be randomly assigned to either immediate pharmacogenetic testing and genotype-guided opioid therapy (Intervention arm) or standard care with 6-month delayed pharmacogenetic testing (Control arm). The investigators will test the hypothesis that pharmacogenetic testing and genotype guided pain therapy improves pain control after surgery in participants who's body processes some pain medicines slower than normal. Depression: A prospective, multicenter, two arm randomized pragmatic trial. Participants meeting eligibility criteria will be randomly assigned to either immediate pharmacogenetic testing and genotype-guided anti-depressant therapy (Intervention arm) or standard care with 6-month delayed pharmacogenetic testing (Control arm). The investigators will test the hypothesis that pharmacogenetic testing and genotype-guided anti-depressant therapy will reduce depression symptoms in participants who's body processes some anti-depressants faster or slower than normal.

Fargo, North DakotaStart: February 2021