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10 active trials for Cervical Myelopathy

Long-term Follow-up Motion Analysis of ACD Versus ACDA

Rationale: Cervical degenerative disc disease (CDDD) is a common cause of cervical radiculopathy, myelopathy or myeloradiculopathy. Surgical treatment is indicated when conservative therapies do not provide sufficient relief or when neurological complaints are progressive. The main surgical techniques are anterior cervical discectomy with (ACDF) or without fusion (ACD), whereas both techniques result in high fusion rates. Short term outcomes of surgery show good clinical results. Long term follow-up shows a drop-in satisfaction rates, often due to the occurrence of new complaints. Pathology is often located at levels adjacent to the previously operated segment, known as adjacent segment disease (ASDis). This is thought to be the results of loss of motion at the previously operated and fused segment. Anterior cervical discectomy with arthroplasty (ACDA) is developed in an effort to reduce the incidence of ASDis by preserving physiological motion in the operated segment. Objective: To investigate physiological motion of the cervical spine the investigators will analyze motion patterns at the long-term in patients who underwent surgical treatment for CDDD, either ACD or ACDA. Study design: Fundamental research. This is a prospective study that includes a cohort of patients previously operated in the setting of a randomized controlled trial. Study population: Adult patients with an indication of surgical treatment for cervical radiculopathy as a consequence of CDDD were enrolled in an RCT between 2007 and 2014 and assigned to undergo ACD or ACDA. Flexion and extension cinematographic recordings of the cervical spine were performed, with the last one at one-year follow-up. The majority of patients in the ACDA group (80%) showed a normal sequence of segmental contribution, which was not the case in the ACD group. This cohort will now be asked to participate in the long-term follow-up study assessing the motion patterns 6-13 years after ACD or ACDA surgery. Intervention: One flexion and extension cinematographic recording of the cervical spine and will be made. Main study parameters/endpoints: The sequence of segmental contributions in sagittal rotation during flexion and extension of the cervical spine will be assessed in the long-term follow-up of surgical treatment. Secondary outcomes will be to assess the amount of degeneration based on the Kellgren Score (KS) and the segmental range of motion (sROM). Long term clinical outcomes will be assessed according to VAS, NDI, SF-36 and Odom's criteria. Patients will be asked whether they have new neurological symptoms and whether they have had a re-operation. Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: Participants receive cinematographic recordings once. The amount of radiation is a negligible risk. There will be no health benefits. There will be no follow-up.

Start: September 2021