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192 active trials for Cataract

Impact of a Novel Extended Depth of Focus Intraocular Lens on Visual and Lifestyle Enhancement

The introduction of presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses (PC-IOLs) has provided cataract and refractive surgeons the ability to provide patients with a wider range of visual success and spectacle independence post-cataract surgery.Multifocal (MFIOL) IOLs have the ability to provide near and distance vision, and in the case of trifocal IOLs, near, intermediate and distance. Despite the significant technological evolution of MFIOL's, the potential for visual disturbances, such as glare, halos and starbursts still exists-and in much greater frequency compared to their monofocal counterparts. Extended depth of focus (EDOF) IOLs aim to provide patients with a functional range of vision, with a similar visual disturbance profile to a monofocal lens. In this way, this subset of PC-IOL's can offer patients some degree of spectacle independence, with a significantly lower incidence of visual disturbances. The Vivity Extended Vision IOL is the first of its kind to offer Wavefront Stretching technology, providing patients with an excellent extended range of vision from intermediate to distance, as well as some functional near vision. Prior studies have demonstrated very good vision in both bright and dim lighting conditions, as well as a high degree of spectacle independence with the Vivity IOL, as compared to a monofocal IOL. Studies evaluating the ability of the Vivity IOL to provide a significant impact on patient lifestyle (e.g. patient independence from spectacles for most activities with a low rate of visual disturbances) in the United States in a 'real-world' setting have yet to be performed. In addition, influence of pre-and-perioperative variables such as sex, age, prior refractive surgery, IOL formula used, axial length, astigmatism, use of intraoperative aberrometry, femtosecond laser and pupillary expansion devices has yet to be evaluated on the postoperative success of this IOL. This study will be comprised of patients with visually significant cataracts who will undergo cataract extraction with implantation of the spherical and/or toric models of the Vivity Extended Vision (Alcon, Fort Worth TX) intraocular lens. Upon decision of the patient and surgeon to undergo surgery, patients will be offered the option to enroll in this observational study.

Babylon, New YorkStart: October 2020
Optimizing Refractive Results and Patient Satisfaction After Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery is the most common eye surgery in the world. If the patient with cataract uses spectacles and both patient and surgeon find it beneficial, it is possible to compensate for the spectacles during surgery and thereby obtain a spectacle-free distance vision or spectacle-free near vision. Becoming spectacle free increases quality of life substantially and is one of the primary wishes in cataract patients. Socioeconomically, spectacle free life is beneficial as it reduces fall tendency in the elderly population. Multifocal lenses warrant the possibility of obtaining a spectacle free vision at near, intermediate and distance. It is also possible to obtain spectacle free distance and near vision or distance and intermediate vision by using traditional artificial monofocal lenses but making one eye spectacle free for distance and the other eye spectacle free for near or intermediate vision. Currently, it is not know which procedure is most beneficial for cataract patients. In a recent PhD, the investigators developed a method, Aniseikonia Tolerance Range (ATR), that can assess how much refractive change a patient can endure without impairing stereopsis. The results demonstrated large variation in the tolerance of image difference. This method can be a future tool to assess whether a patient can tolerate the refraction that is considered most beneficial to the patient. The knowledge is important as it can help avoid improper lens choice in cataract surgery and thereby avoid stereopsis problems.

Start: August 2021
Congenital Muscle Disease Study of Patient and Family Reported Medical Information

The Congenital Muscle Disease Patient and Proxy Reported Outcome Study (CMDPROS) is a longitudinal 10 year study to identify and trend care parameters, adverse events in the congenital muscle diseases using the Congenital Muscle Disease International Registry (CMDIR) to acquire necessary data for adverse event calculations (intake survey and medical records curation). To support this study and become a participant, we ask that you register in the CMDIR. You can do this by visiting www.cmdir.org. There is no travel required. The registry includes affected individuals with congenital muscular dystrophy, congenital myopathy, and congenital myasthenic syndrome and registers through the late onset spectrum for these disease groups. The CMDIR was created to identify the global congenital muscle disease population for the purpose of raising awareness, standards of care, clinical trials and in the future a treatment or cure. Simply put, we will not be successful in finding a treatment or cure unless we know who the affected individuals are, what the diagnosis is and how the disease is affecting the individual. Registering in the CMDIR means that you will enter demographic information and complete an intake survey. We would then ask that you provide records regarding the diagnosis and treatment of CMD, including genetic testing, muscle biopsy, pulmonary function testing, sleep studies, clinic visit notes, and hospital discharge summaries. Study hypothesis: To use patient and proxy reported survey answers and medical reports to build a longitudinal care and outcomes database across the congenital muscle diseases. To generate congenital muscle disease subtype specific adverse event rates and correlate with key care parameters.

Lakewood, CaliforniaStart: September 2009