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19 active trials for CNS Tumor

SJDAWN: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Phase 1 Study Evaluating Molecularly-Driven Doublet Therapies for Children and Young Adults With Recurrent Brain Tumors

Approximately 90% of children with malignant brain tumors that have recurred or relapsed after receiving conventional therapy will die of disease. Despite this terrible and frustrating outcome, continued treatment of this population remains fundamental to improving cure rates. Studying this relapsed population will help unearth clues to why conventional therapy fails and how cancers continue to resist modern advances. Moreover, improvements in the treatment of this relapsed population will lead to improvements in upfront therapy and reduce the chance of relapse for all. Novel therapy and, more importantly, novel approaches are sorely needed. This trial proposes a new approach that evaluates rational combination therapies of novel agents based on tumor type and molecular characteristics of these diseases. The investigators hypothesize that the use of two predictably active drugs (a doublet) will increase the chance of clinical efficacy. The purpose of this trial is to perform a limited dose escalation study of multiple doublets to evaluate the safety and tolerability of these combinations followed by a small expansion cohort to detect preliminary efficacy. In addition, a more extensive and robust molecular analysis of all the participant samples will be performed as part of the trial such that we can refine the molecular classification and better inform on potential response to therapy. In this manner the tolerability of combinations can be evaluated on a small but relevant population and the chance of detecting antitumor activity is potentially increased. Furthermore, the goal of the complementary molecular characterization will be to eventually match the therapy with better predictive biomarkers. PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and tolerability and estimate the maximum tolerated dose/recommended phase 2 dose (MTD/RP2D) of combination treatment by stratum. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of combination treatment by stratum. SECONDARY OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate and duration of objective response and progression free survival (PFS) by stratum.

Memphis, TennesseeStart: March 2018
Evaluation of LY2606368 Therapy in Combination With Cyclophosphamide or Gemcitabine for Children and Adolescents With Refractory or Recurrent Group 3/Group 4 or SHH Medulloblastoma Brain Tumors

SJELIOT is a phase 1 trial that aims to explore the combination of prexasertib with established DNA-damaging agents used in medulloblastoma to evaluate tolerance and pharmacokinetics in recurrent or refractory disease. Additionally, a small expansion cohort will be incorporated into the trial at the combination MTD/RP2D (maximum tolerated dose/recommended phase two dose) to detect a preliminary efficacy signal. Stratum A: Prexasertib and Cyclophosphamide Primary Objectives To determine the safety and tolerability and estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD)/recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of combination treatment with prexasertib and cyclophosphamide in participants with recurrent/refractory Group 3 and Group 4 medulloblastoma and recurrent/refractory sonic hedgehog (SHH) medulloblastoma. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of prexasertib in combination with cyclophosphamide. Secondary Objectives To estimate the rate and duration of objective response and progression free survival (PFS) associated with prexasertib and cyclophosphamide treatment in this patient population. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide and metabolites. Stratum B: Prexasertib and Gemcitabine Primary Objectives To determine the safety and tolerability and estimate the MTD/RP2D of combination treatment with prexasertib and gemcitabine in participants with recurrent/refractory Group 3 and Group 4 medulloblastoma. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of prexasertib in combination with gemcitabine. Secondary Objectives To estimate the rate and duration of objective response and PFS associated with prexasertib and gemcitabine treatment in this patient population. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of gemcitabine and gemcitabine triphosphate (only at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital).

Memphis, TennesseeStart: August 2019
68-Ga DOTATATE PET/MRI in the Diagnosis and Management of Somatostatin Receptor Positive CNS Tumors.

The study population consists of patients who undergo resection for somatostatin receptor-positive (SSTR-positive) CNS tumors, focusing on meningioma, and including esthesioneuroblastoma, hemangioblastoma, medulloblastoma, paraganglioma, pituitary adenoma, and SSTR-positive systemic cancers metastatic to the brain, such as small cell carcinoma of the lung. The study indication is to determine the diagnostic utility of 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/MRI in the diagnosis and management of patients with SSTR-positive CNS tumors, specifically whether 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/MRI demonstrates utility distinguishing between tumor recurrence and post-treatment change. To date, the utility of Ga-68-DOTATATE PET/MRI in meningioma has not been explored. Investigators have over the past 3 months been able to accrue the largest case series of presently 12 patients in whom Ga-68-DOTATATE PET/MRI demonstrated utility in the assessment of meningioma, including assessment for postsurgical/postradiation recurrence, detection of additional lesions not visualized on MRI alone, and evaluation of osseous invasion. Based on this initial experience, investigators intend to study the impact of Ga-68-DOTATATE PET/MRI in the assessment of the extent of residual tumor in patients status post meningioma resection, specifically in patients in whom tumor location limits resectability, patients with World Health Organization (WHO) grade II/III disease, and patients with history of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) who develop postradiation change.

New York, New YorkStart: September 2019